/tir"inz/, n.
an ancient city in Greece, in Peloponnesus: destroyed in 486 B.C. by the Argives; excavated ruins include Cyclopean walls forming part of a great fortress.

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Ancient city, eastern Peloponnese, southern Greece.

Inhabited from Neolithic times, it developed as an important Mycenaean centre in the Bronze Age, reaching its height с 1400 BC. It declined as Argos grew in power after 1100 BC. The Argives destroyed it с 468 BC. Ruins of its palace and massive walls date from the 15th–12th centuries BC. The term cyclopean masonry derives from the huge stones used in its construction, supposedly by the Cyclops for Proteus. The city is also connected with Perseus and Heracles.

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▪ ancient city, Greece
 prehistoric city in the Argolis, Greece, noted for its architectural remains of the Homeric period. Excavations show the area to have been inhabited from the Neolithic Age. Not later than the beginning of the Early Bronze Age, or Early Helladic Period (c. 3000–c. 2200 BC), a pre-Greek agricultural people arrived, probably from western Anatolia, as suggested by place-name endings such as -ssos, -ttos, -inthos, -indos, and -enai. In the Middle Bronze Age, or Middle Helladic Period, people from the north moved in who are believed to have spoken an early variant of the Greek language. In contrast to the violent invasions by these people in other areas, their arrival at Tiryns appeared to have been peaceful. The settlement at Tiryns developed into a centre of the Mycenaean, or Late Helladic, culture, influenced by that of Minoan Crete. Tiryns, situated on a ridge in the plain between Nauplia (modern Návplion) and Mycenae, survived into the classical period but was destroyed by Argos about 468 BC. From the huge stones of the walls of its citadel, supposedly built by the Cyclopes for the legendary king Proteus, the expression cyclopean masonry is derived.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tiryns — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tiryns — Tiryns,   mykenische Burg und Stadt in der Argolis, nördlich von Nauplion (Griechenland). Die Burg wurde 1884/85 durch H. Schliemann und W. Dörpfeld, 1905 29 und 1967 86 durch das Deutsche Archäologische Institut in Athen ausgegraben, seit 1967 v …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tiryns — Tiryns, alte Stadt südöstlich von Argos, der Sage nach Sitz des Perseus und Geburtsort des Herakles und von lykischen Kyklopen mit riesigen, zum Teil noch erhaltenen Mauern, in denen Kammern und überdeckte Gänge ausgespart sind, befestigt. In T.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tiryns [1] — TIRYNS, this, Gr. Τίρυνς, θος, der Alo Tochter und Schwester des Amphitryons, von welcher die Stadt Tiryns, in Peloponnesus, ihren Namen haben soll. Steph. Byz. in Τίρυνς …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Tiryns — (Tirynth), alte griech. Stadt, in Argolis, 468 v. Chr. von den Argivern zerstört; Ruinen 3 km nördl. von Nauplia. Wichtige Ausgrabungen (alter Königspalast) durch Schliemann 1884 und 1885 (Bericht 1886) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tiryns — Tiryns, uralte Stadt in Argolis, nach dem pers. Kriege von den Argivern zerstört; von ihren cyklopischen Mauern sind noch Reste vorhanden …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tiryns — TIRYNS, this, Gr. Τίρυνς, θος, (⇒ Tab. XVIII.) des Argus Sohn und Jupiters Enkel, war der Erbauer der Stadt Tirpnth, von deren Mauern man glaubete, daß sie die Cyklopen aufgeführet, weil sie aus Steinen bestunden, davon den kleinsten kein Paar… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Tiryns — Infobox World Heritage Site Name = Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns State Party = GRE Type = Cultural Criteria = i, ii, iii, iv, vi ID = 941 Region = Europe and North America Coordinates = coord|37|35|58|N|22|47|59|E|type:landmark… …   Wikipedia

  • Tiryns — Sp Tirintas Ap Τίρυνς/Tiryns L ist. mst. PR Graikijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Tiryns — geographical name city of pre Homeric Greece; ruins in E Peloponnese SE of Argos …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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