/thee'euh broh"meen, -min/, n. Pharm.
a white, crystalline, water-insoluble, poisonous powder, C7H8N4O2, an isomer of theophylline and lower homologue of caffeine, occurring in tea and obtained from the cacao bean: used chiefly as a diuretic, myocardial stimulant, and vasodilator.
[1835-45; < NL Theobrom(a) genus of trees typified by cacao ( < Gk theo- THEO- + brôma food) + -INE2]

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      diuretic drug and major alkaloidal constituent of cocoa. Theobromine is a xanthine alkaloid, a methylxanthine, as are caffeine and theophylline, but it differs from them in having little stimulatory action upon the central nervous system. The stimulant effect of cocoa results from the caffeine that it contains rather than from the theobromine.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • théobromine — [ teɔbrɔmin ] n. f. • 1843; de théobroma (1765) « mets des dieux », nom sc. du cacaoyer, du gr. theos « dieu » et brôma « nourriture » ♦ Biochim. Alcaloïde principal du cacao, qui se trouve également dans le thé, le café, la noix de cola. La… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Theobromine — The o*bro mine, n. (Chem.) An alkaloidal ureide, {C7H8N4O2}, homologous with and resembling caffeine, produced artificially, and also extracted from cacao and chocolate (from {Theobroma Cacao}) as a bitter white crystalline substance; called also …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • theobromine — theobromine. См. теобромин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • theobromine — [thē΄ō brō′mēn΄, thē΄ō brō′min] n. [< ModL Theobroma, a genus of trees of the sterculia family < Gr theos, god (see THEO ) + brōma, food + INE3] a bitter, crystalline alkaloid, C7H8N4O2, extracted from the leaves and seeds of the cacao… …   English World dictionary

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  • theobromine — cacaine ca*ca ine, n. (Chem.) The essential principle of cacao; now called {theobromine}. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • theobromine — teobrominas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Alkaloidas. formulė (CH₃)₂(O=)₂C₅H₂N₄ atitikmenys: angl. theobromine rus. теобромин ryšiai: sinonimas – 3,7 dimetil 2,6(1H) purindionas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

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