tabes dorsalis

tabes dorsalis
/dawr sal"is, -say"lis/, Pathol.
syphilis of the spinal cord and its appendages, characterized by shooting pains and other sensory disturbances, and, in the later stages, by paralysis. Also called locomotor ataxia.
[1675-85; < NL tabes dorsalis lit., tabes of the back; see DORSAL]

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, also called  Progressive Locomotor Ataxia, 

      rare neurologic form of tertiary syphilis, involving sensory deficits, loss of neuromuscular coordination, and diminished reflexes. Symptoms of this form of neurosyphilis chiefly affect the legs and may not appear for more than 25 years after the initial infection. Untreated, tabes dorsalis usually makes unassisted walking impossible and severely debilitates the victim.

      Symptoms result from degeneration of the dorsal roots of the spinal cord, giving it its name, which means “dorsal wasting.” The first manifestation is usually “lightning pain,” transient, stabbing pains affecting the legs; this is followed by loss of tendon reflexes and by progressive loss of muscular coordination (ataxia) causing a spasmodic, uneven walk. Victims become unable to sense pain, limb position, and temperature; these sensory deficits cause loss of bladder and sometimes bowel control, severe foot ulcerations, and Charcot joints (an osteoarthritis that typically involves the knees and hip). Neurologic deterioration also causes the pupils of the eye to lose their ability to react to changes in light.

      Tabes dorsalis is seldom fatal. Elimination of the causative organism, Treponema pallidum, with penicillin may relieve pain but does not reverse nervous degeneration. Therapy otherwise involves support of diminished functions and prevention of further deterioration.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • TABES DORSALIS — (спинная сухотка, сухотка спинного мозга, прогрессивная локомоторная атаксия, ataxie locomotrice progressive), хрон. сифилитическое заболевание нервной системы, поражающее преимущественно в спинном мозгу систему задних столбов и задних корешков,… …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

  • Tabes dorsalis — Tabes Ta bes (t[=a] b[=e]z), n. [L., a wasting disease.] (Med.) Progressive emaciation of the body, accompanied with hectic fever, with no well marked local symptoms. [1913 Webster] {Tabes dorsalis} (t[=a] b[=e]z d[^o]r*s[=a] l[i^]s) [NL., tabes… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tabes dorsalis — [dôr sā′lis, dôrsal′is] n. [ModL, tabes of the back: see TABES & DORSAL1] a chronic disease of the nervous system, usually caused by syphilis and characterized by disturbances of sensations, loss of reflexes and of muscular coordination,… …   English World dictionary

  • tabes dorsalis — tabes dor·sa·lis dȯr sā ləs, sal əs n a syphilitic disorder that involves the dorsal horns of the spinal cord and the sensory nerve trunks and that is marked by wasting, pain, lack of coordination of voluntary movements and reflexes, and… …   Medical dictionary

  • tabes dorsalis — ataxia locomotriz progresiva Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • Tabes dorsalis —   [zu lateinisch dorsum »Rücken«] die, , volkstümliche Bezeichnung Rückenmarkschwindsucht, besondere Erscheinungsform der Syphilis im Spätstadium mit fortschreitender entzündlicher Degeneration der Hinterstränge des Rückenmarks und der Wurzeln… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tabes dorsalis — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 29061 ICD10 = ICD10|A|52|1|a|50 ICD9 = ICD9|094.0 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = neuro eMedicineTopic = 684 MeshID = D013606 Tabes dorsalis is a slow degeneration of the nerve… …   Wikipedia

  • Tabes dorsalis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 A52.1 Floride Neurosyphilis A52.2 Asymptomatische Neurosyphilis A52.3 Neurosyphilis, n …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tabes dorsalis — noun /ˈteɪbiːz dɔːˈseɪlɪs/ locomotor ataxia , 1970: Malcolm X: the death of terminal fibrillation, as elegant as the trembling of hands in tabes dorsalis JG Ballard, The Atrocity Exhibition …   Wiktionary

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