succinic acid

succinic acid
a colorless, crystalline, water-soluble solid, C4H6O4, used chiefly in the manufacture of lacquers, dyes, and perfume.

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also called  Butanedioic Acid,  

      a dicarboxylic acid of molecular formula C4H6O4 that is widely distributed in almost all plant and animal tissues and that plays a significant role in intermediary metabolism. It is a colourless crystalline solid, soluble in water, with a melting point of 185–187° C (365–369° F).

      Succinic acid was first obtained as a distillation product of amber (Latin: succinum), for which it is named. The common method of synthesis of succinic acid is the catalytic hydrogenation of maleic acid or its anhydride, although other methods are being used and investigated. Succinic acid has uses in certain drug compounds, in agricultural and food production, and in manufacturing.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • succinic acid — [sək sin′ik] n. [Fr succinique < L succinum, amber] a colorless, crystalline dibasic acid, HOOC(CH2) 2COOH, found in amber, lignite, and many plants, and produced synthetically or during alcoholic fermentation: it is used in medicine and… …   English World dictionary

  • Succinic acid — Chembox new Name = Succinic acid ImageFile = Kwas bursztynowy007.svg ImageFile1 = Succinic acid 3D balls.png IUPACName = Butanedioic acid OtherNames = ethane 1,2 dicarboxylic acid Section1 = Chembox Identifiers CASNo = 110 15 6 ChemSpiderID =… …   Wikipedia

  • succinic acid — gintaro rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė (HOOCCH₂)₂ atitikmenys: angl. amber acid; succinic acid rus. янтарная кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – butano dirūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • succinic acid — An intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle; several of its salts have been variously used in medicine. * * * suc·cin·ic acid (.)sək .sin ik n a crystalline dicarboxylic acid C4H6O4 that is found widely in nature, that is formed in the Krebs… …   Medical dictionary

  • succinic acid — /sʌkˌsɪnɪk ˈæsəd/ (say suk.sinik asuhd) noun a white crystalline soluble acid, (CH2)2(COOH)2, which is found in nearly all cells as an intermediate in the citric acid cycle. It occurs naturally in amber and is manufactured synthetically and used… …  

  • succinic acid — noun Etymology: French succinique, from Latin succinum amber Date: 1790 a crystalline dicarboxylic acid C4H6O4 found widely in nature and active in energy yielding metabolic reactions …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • succinic acid — noun A colourless crystalline dicarboxylic acid, (CHCOOH), that occurs naturally in amber and is important in the metabolic Krebs cycle. Syn: E363 …   Wiktionary

  • succinic acid — [sʌk sɪnɪk] noun Biochemistry a crystalline organic acid which occurs in living tissue as an intermediate in glucose metabolism. Origin C18: from Fr. succinique, from L. succinum amber (from which it was first derived) …   English new terms dictionary

  • succinic acid — n. Chem. a crystalline dibasic acid derived from amber etc. Derivatives: succinate n. Etymology: F succinique f. L succinum amber …   Useful english dictionary

  • succinic acid — suc•cin′ic ac′id [[t]səkˈsɪn ɪk[/t]] n. chem. a colorless, crystalline, water soluble solid, C4H6O4, used esp. in the manufacture of lacquers, dyes, and perfume • Etymology: 1780–90; < F succinique < L succinum amber …   From formal English to slang

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