substrative, substratal, adj.
/sub"stray'teuhm, -strat'euhm, sub stray"teuhm, -strat"euhm/, n., pl. substrata /-stray'teuh, -strat'euh, -stray"teuh, -strat"euh/, substratums.
1. something that is spread or laid under something else; a stratum or layer lying under another.
2. something that underlies or serves as a basis or foundation.
3. Agric. the subsoil.
4. Biol. the base or material on which a nonmotile organism lives or grows.
5. Philos. substance, considered as that which supports accidents or attributes.
6. Photog. a layer of material placed directly on a film or plate as a foundation for the sensitive emulsion.
7. Historical Ling. a set of features of a language traceable to the influence of an earlier language that it has replaced, esp. among a subjugated population: The French word for 80, quatre-vingts ("four twenties"), may reflect a Celtic substratum. Cf. superstratum.
[1625-35; < NL; see SUB-, STRATUM]

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • substratum — ● substratum nom masculin (latin substratum, de substernere, subordonner) Formation géologique sous jacente à une unité charriée (substratum d une nappe) ou à une couverture sédimentaire. substratum [sypstʀatɔm] n. m. ÉTYM. 1745; mot lat., p. p.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • substratum — 1630s, from Mod.L. substratum (pl. substrata), neut. sing. pp. of L. substernere to spread underneath, from sub (see SUB (Cf. sub )) + sternere (see STRATUM (Cf. stratum)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Substratum — Sub*stra tum, n.; pl. {Substrata}. [L. substratus, p. p. of substernere to strew under; sub under + sternere to strew. See {Stratum}.] 1. That which is laid or spread under; that which underlies something, as a layer of earth lying under another; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • substratum — ► NOUN (pl. substrata) 1) an underlying layer or substance, in particular a layer of rock or soil beneath the surface of the ground. 2) a foundation or basis …   English terms dictionary

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  • Substratum — In contact linguistics, a substratum (lat. sub : under + stratum : layer → lower layer ) is a language that influences another one while that second, intrusive, language supplants it. Similarly, a superstratum is an intrusive language that exerts …   Wikipedia

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  • substratum — sub|stra|tum [ˌsʌbˈstra:təm US ˈstreı ] n plural substrata [ tə] technical a layer that lies beneath another layer, especially in the earth ▪ a substratum of rock ▪ a social substratum …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • substratum — noun plural substrata, (C) 1 a layer that lies beneath another layer, especially in the earth: a substratum of rock 2 formal a quality that is hidden: a substratum of truth in the argument …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • substratum — UK [ˈsʌbˌstrɑːtəm] / US [ˈsʌbˌstreɪtəm] / US [ˈsʌbˌstrɑtəm] noun [countable] Word forms substratum : singular substratum plural substrata UK [ˈsʌbˌstrɑːtə] / US [ˈsʌbˌstreɪtə] / US [ˈsʌbˌstrɑtə] 1) a layer of something that is below another layer …   English dictionary

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