—studiable, adj. —studier, n./stud"ee/, n., pl. studies, v., studied, studying.n.1. application of the mind to the acquisition of knowledge, as by reading, investigation, or reflection: long hours of study.2. the cultivation of a particular branch of learning, science, or art: the study of law.3. Often, studies. a personal effort to gain knowledge: to pursue one's studies.4. something studied or to be studied: Balzac's study was human nature.5. research or a detailed examination and analysis of a subject, phenomenon, etc.: She made a study of the transistor market for her firm.6. a written account of such research, examination, or analysis: He published a study of Milton's poetry.7. a well-defined, organized branch of learning or knowledge.8. zealous endeavor or assiduous effort.9. the object of such endeavor or effort.10. deep thought, reverie, or a state of abstraction: He was lost in study and did not hear us come in.11. a room, in a house or other building, set apart for private study, reading, writing, or the like.12. Also called étude. Music. a composition that combines exercise in technique with a greater or lesser amount of artistic value.13. Literature.a. a literary composition executed for exercise or as an experiment in a particular method of treatment.b. such a composition dealing in detail with a particular subject, as a single main character.14. Art. something produced as an educational exercise, as a memorandum or record of observations or effects, or as a guide for a finished production: She made a quick pencil sketch of his hands as a study for the full portrait in oils.15. a person, as an actor, considered in terms of his or her quickness or slowness in memorizing lines: a quick study.v.i.16. to apply oneself to the acquisition of knowledge, as by reading, investigation, or practice.17. to apply oneself; endeavor.18. to think deeply, reflect, or consider.19. to take a course of study, as at a college.v.t.20. to apply oneself to acquiring a knowledge of (a subject).21. to examine or investigate carefully and in detail: to study the political situation.22. to observe attentively; scrutinize: to study a person's face.23. to read carefully or intently: to study a book.24. to endeavor to learn or memorize, as a part in a play.25. to consider, as something to be achieved or devised.26. to think out, as the result of careful consideration or devising.[1250-1300; (n.) ME studie < OF estudie < L studium, equiv. to stud(ere) to be busy with, devote oneself to, concentrate on + -ium -IUM; (v.) ME studien < OF estudier < ML studiare, deriv. of studium]Syn. 1. inquiry, research, reading, thought, consideration. 7. subject, field, area. 11. library, den. 21. STUDY, CONSIDER, REFLECT, WEIGH imply fixing the mind upon something, generally doing so with a view to some decision or action. STUDY implies an attempt to obtain a grasp of something by methodical or exhaustive thought: to study a problem.TO CONSIDER is to fix the thought upon something and give it close attention before making a decision concerning it, or beginning an action connected with it: to consider ways and means. REFLECT implies looking back quietly over past experience and giving it consideration: to reflect on similar cases in the past. WEIGH implies a deliberate and judicial estimate, as by a balance: to weigh a decision.
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