storklike, adj.
/stawrk/, n., pl. storks, (esp. collectively) stork.
1. any of several wading birds of the family Ciconiidae, having long legs and a long neck and bill. Cf. adjutant stork, jabiru, marabou (def. 1), white stork, wood ibis.
2. the stork, this bird as the mythical or symbolic deliverer of a new baby: My brother and his wife are expecting the stork in July.
[bef. 900; ME; OE storc; c. G Storch, ON storkr; akin to STARK]

* * *

Any of 17 species (family Ciconiidae) of voiceless, long-necked, mainly Old World birds.

Storks are 2–5 ft (60–150 cm) tall, often with a totally or partially bald, brightly coloured head and upper neck. They fly by alternately flapping and soaring, with neck outstretched and legs trailing. Most species are diurnal, feeding on small animals in shallow water and fields; some eat carrion. Usually found in flocks, storks pair off during the breeding season, and both parents incubate the eggs. Typical storks have a straight or nearly straight bill; the four species of wood stork have a curved bill. The only U.S. stork, the wood ibis (Mycteria americana), is white, with black wings and tail and a curved bill. See also ibis; marabou.

* * *

▪ bird family
 any of 17 species of large, long-necked, birds constituting the family Ciconiidae (order Ciconiiformes), related to the herons, flamingos, and ibises. Storks range from about 60 centimetres (2 feet) to more than 150 centimetres (5 feet) in height. All or part of the head and upper neck may be bare of feathers and brightly coloured. Storks are voiceless or nearly so, for lack of a fully developed syrinx (vocal organ), but some of them clatter their bills loudly when excited. They fly, alternately flapping and soaring, with neck outstretched and legs trailing.

      Storks occur mainly in Africa, Asia, and Europe; one species, the black-necked stork, also occurs in Australia. Three New World species occur between Florida and Argentina.

      Most storks are found in flocks except during the breeding season, when they pair off. They feed during the day. Most eat small animals caught in shallow water and fields. Some, like the marabou stork of Africa and the adjutant stork of India, feed primarily on carrion. The nest, a large twig platform built by both sexes, is constructed in trees, on rock ledges, or, in the case of the white stork, on rooftops and chimneys, often in colonial groupings. Three to six chalky-white eggs are incubated by both parents and hatched in about five weeks.

      Taxonomically, storks are separated as typical storks (subfamily Ciconiinae) and wood storks (Mycteriinae). Wood storks (one species of Mycteria and three species of Ibis), originally called wood ibises, have decurved bills, resembling ibises in that respect. In typical storks the bill is straight or nearly so.

      The adjutant stork of India and southeastern Asia (Leptoptilos dubius), or adjutant bird, and the lesser adjutant (L. javanicus) are typical scavengers with naked pink skin on the head and neck.

      The African wood stork (Ibis ibis), or yellow-billed stork, is about 100 cm (3 ft) tall, with a yellowish bill and red facial skin.

      The black stork (Ciconia nigra) of Europe, Asia, and Africa is about 100 cm tall, black with a white spot on the belly and a red bill and red legs.

      Two open-billed storks, openbills, or shell storks, Anastomus lamelligerus of tropical Africa and A. oscitans of southern Asia, are small storks that eat water-snails. When the mandibles of these birds are closed, a wide gap remains except at the tips, probably an adaptation for holding snails.

 The saddle-billed stork (Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis), or saddlebill, is a colourful stork of tropical Africa. More than 120 cm (four feet) tall, it has exceptionally long, thin legs and neck. The slightly upturned bill is red, crossed by a broad black band surmounted in front of the eyes by a small yellow plate.

      The white stork (Ciconia ciconia) breeds across Europe and Asia and winters south to South Africa. It is a stately bird about 100 cm tall, white with black flight feathers, a dark red bill, and reddish legs. Its population is decreasing, partly because of destruction of its habitat by man; one race, the Oriental white stork (C. c. boyciana), is considered endangered.

      The wood stork of the New World (Mycteria americana), often wrongly called “jabiru,” ranges from the southern United States to Argentina. It is white with black wings and tail and a decurved bill. See also jabiru; marabou; hammerhead; shoebill.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stork B.V. — Stork B.V. is a Dutch manufacturing and service providing company with its headquarters in Naarden. It was founded in 1868 by Charles Theodoor Stork, although in the 20th century the company merged other companies some, including Werkspoor,… …   Wikipedia

  • Stork — Stork, n. [AS. storc; akin to G. storch, OHG. storah, Icel. storkr, Dan. & Sw. stork, and perhaps to Gr. ? a vulture.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of several species of large wading birds of the family {Ciconid[ae]}, having long legs and a long, pointed… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • STORK — (Heb. חֲסִידָה, ḥasidah). The stork, the Ciconia ciconia, has been identified with the ḥasidah, enumerated among birds forbidden as food (Deut. 14:18). According to the Talmud it derives its name ( the kindly ) from the fact that it shows… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Stork — Gemeinde Flieden Koordinaten: 50° …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • stork — [stôrk] n. pl. storks or stork [ME < OE storc, akin to Ger storch < IE * sterg < base * (s)ter , stiff > STARE: so named from its stiff legged walk] any of a family (Ciconiidae) of large, long legged, mostly Old World wading birds… …   English World dictionary

  • stork — O.E. storc, related to stear stiff, strong (see STARK (Cf. stark)), from P.Gmc. *sturkaz (Cf. O.N. storkr, M.Du. storc, O.H.G. storah, Ger. Storch stork ). Perhaps so called with reference to the bird s stiff or rigid posture. But some connect… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Stork — Stork, 1) Abraham, geb. um 1650 in Amsterdam, Maler; malte Seestücke, in welchen er die Natur treu nachahmte. 2) Philipp Adam, geb. 1780 in Traben an der Mosel; wurde Lehrer an der Handelsschule zu Hagen in der Grafschaft Mark, 1810 Director… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Störk — Störk, Anton von S., geb. 1741 in Sulzgau, war Leibarzt, Protomedicus von Österreich, Präsident des medicinischen Studienraths, erster Director des allgemeinen Krankenhauses in Wien u. starb 1803. Er machte sich verdient um die Bestimmung der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Störk — Störk, 1) Karl, Mediziner, geb. 17. Sept. 1832 in Ofen, gest. 13. Sept. 1899 in Hietzing bei Wien, studierte in Pest und Wien, wurde 1859 Sekundärarzt am Allgemeinen Krankenhaus in Wien, habilitierte sich 1864 an der Universität und wurde 1875… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • stork — [sto:k US sto:rk] n [: Old English; Origin: storc] a tall white bird with long legs and a long beak …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • stork — [ stɔrk ] noun count a large bird with long legs and a long beak, said to bring people their new babies …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”