/stan"lee/, n.1. Arthur Penrhyn /pen"rin/, (Dean Stanley) 1815-81, English clergyman and author.2. Edward George Geoffrey Smith, 14th Earl of Derby, 1799-1869, British statesman: prime minister 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68.3. Francis Edgar, 1849-1918, and his twin brother Freelan /free"leuhn/, 1849-1940, U.S. inventors and manufacturers: developed steam-powered car.4. Sir Henry Morton, (John Rowlands) 1841-1904, British journalist and explorer in Africa: led successful search for David Livingstone.5. Wendell M(eredith), 1904-71, U.S. biochemist: Nobel prize 1946.6. the capital and principal harbor of the Falkland Islands, in the E part. 1000.8. a male given name: an Old English family name taken from a placename meaning "stone field."
* * *(as used in expressions)Baldwin of Bewdley Stanley Baldwin 1st EarlBecker Gary StanleyDerby Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley 14th earl ofDonen StanleyEddington Sir Arthur StanleyElkin Stanley LawrenceGardner Erle StanleyStanley GayetzbyHalas George StanleyHall Granville StanleyKenton Stanley NewcombeKubrick StanleyKunitz Stanley JassponMcGovern George StanleyMerwin William StanleyMeselson Matthew StanleyMorison StanleyMusial Stanley FrankPrusiner Stanley BenSmith Cyril StanleyStanley Francis Edgar and Stanley Freelan O.Stanley Sir Henry MortonStanley Wendell MeredithArthur Stanley Jefferson
* * *also called Port Stanley , formerly Port Williamonly town and, since 1842, capital of the Falkland Islands, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic Ocean. It lies on the northeast coast of East Falkland, along the southern shore of Port William inlet. Its fine inner and outer harbours attracted the early British settlers because of the protection afforded their sailing vessels. Stanley was an important base for Antarctic whaling operations and a British naval base during World War II, but its port now serves mostly merchant ships.About two-thirds of the people of the Falklands reside in Stanley. Wool is the main export. The principal imports are foodstuffs, petroleum, clothing, and timber. The town is the site of Christ Church Cathedral (1892) and the islands' only hospital. The Town Hall houses a library, as well as public offices and a chamber for the Town Council. A large garrison of British troops has been stationed near Stanley since 1983, following the Falkland Islands War. In the environs are penguin rookeries. A small international airport is located near Stanley. Pop. (2001) 1,989.town, northwestern Tasmania, Australia, on the eastern shore of Circular Head, a promontory extending into Bass Strait. From 1826 it was the hub of the settlement of the Van Diemen's Land Company in that part of the state. First called Circular Head, the town was renamed in 1833 for Lord Stanley, then colonial secretary. It was the birthplace of Joseph Aloysius Lyons, the first Tasmanian to become prime minister of Australia (1931–39). Just off the Bass Highway and terminus of a rail line from Launceston (105 miles [170 km] southeast), Stanley serves a region yielding timber, fish, dairy products, potatoes, and turnips. Pop. (2001) locality, 455.
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