sketch

sketch
sketcher, n.sketchingly, adv.sketchlike, adj.
/skech/, n.
1. a simply or hastily executed drawing or painting, esp. a preliminary one, giving the essential features without the details.
2. a rough design, plan, or draft, as of a book.
3. a brief or hasty outline of facts, occurrences, etc.: a sketch of his life.
4. a short, usually descriptive, essay, history, or story.
5. a short play or slight dramatic performance, as one forming part of a vaudeville program.
v.t.
6. to make a sketch of.
7. to set forth in a brief or general account: He sketched his own part in the affair.
8. Metall. (in a steel mill or the like) to mark (a piece) for cutting.
v.i.
9. to make a sketch or sketches.
[1660-70; < D schets (n.) It schizzo < L schedium extemporaneous poem, n. use of neut. of schedius extempore < Gk schédios]
Syn. 2. outline. 5. skit, act, routine. 6. draw, outline, design, rough out, delineate, represent. See depict.

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art
 traditionally a rough drawing or painting in which an artist notes down his preliminary ideas for a work that will eventually be realized with greater precision and detail. The term also applies to brief creative pieces that per se may have artistic merit.

      In a traditional sketch, the emphasis usually is laid on the general design and composition of the work and on overall feeling. Such a sketch is often intended for the artist's own guidance; but sometimes, in the context of a bottega (studio-shop) type of production, in which an artist would employ many assistants, sketches were made by the master for works to be completed by others. There are three main types of functional sketches. The first—sometimes known as a croquis—is intended to remind the artist of some scene or event he has seen and wishes to record in a more permanent form. The second—a pochade—is one in which he records, usually in colour, the atmospheric effects and general impressions of a landscape. The third type is related to portraiture and notes the look on a face, the turn of a head, or other physical characteristics of a prospective sitter.

      From the 18th century, however, sketch came to take on a new meaning, which has almost come to supersede the traditional one. The emphasis on freshness and spontaneity, which was an integral part of the Romantic attitude, the fact that there was a great increase in the number of amateur artists, and the growing appreciation of nature, accompanied by an expansion of facilities for travel, transformed the sketch into something regarded as an end in itself—a slight and unpretentious picture, in some simple medium (pen and ink, pencil, wash, or watercolour) recording a visual experience. This led to a revaluation of sketches that had originally been created for other works. Contemporary taste, for instance, tends to value John Constable's sketches as highly as his finished works.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • sketch — [ skɛtʃ ] n. m. • 1879; mot angl., proprt « esquisse » ♦ Courte scène, généralement comique et rapide, parfois improvisée, interprétée par un nombre restreint d acteurs. ⇒ saynète. Des sketchs ou des sketches. Il « fit représenter de petits… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sketch — may refer to:Drawing and other visual arts * Sketch (drawing), a drawing or other composition that is not intended as a finished work, but a preliminary exploration. * SketchUp, a 3D modeling program. * iSketch, an online drawing game. * Sketch… …   Wikipedia

  • sketch — n 1 outline, diagram, delineation, draft, tracing, plot, blueprint (see under SKETCH vb) Analogous words: design, plot, *plan, scheme, project: *chart, map 2 précis, aperçu, *compendium, syllabus, digest, pandect, survey sketch vb Sketch, outline …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • sketch in — ˌsketch ˈin [transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they sketch in he/she/it sketches in present participle sketching in past tense …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sketch — Sketch, n. [D. schets, fr. It. schizzo a sketch, a splash (whence also F. esquisse; cf. {Esquisse}.); cf. It. schizzare to splash, to sketch.] An outline or general delineation of anything; a first rough or incomplete draught or plan of any… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sketch´er — sketch «skehch», noun, verb. –n. 1. a rough, quickly done drawing, painting, clay model, or design: »The artist made many sketches in pencil before painting the portrait. 2. an outline; plan: »Give me a sketch of his career. SYNONYM(S): draft,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sketch — Sm Darbietung einer pointierten Kurzszene erw. fach. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. sketch, eigentlich Entwurf, Studie , dieses wohl aus nndl. schets Entwurf , aus it. schizzo, eigentlich Spritzer , für das man lautnachahmenden Ursprung… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • sketch — sketch·er; sketch·i·ly; sketch·i·ness; sketch; …   English syllables

  • sketch|y — «SKEHCH ee», adjective, sketch|i|er, sketch|i|est. 1. like a sketch; having or giving only outlines or main features. 2. Figurative. incomplete; done very roughly; …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sketch — Sketch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sketched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Sketching}.] [Cf D. schetsen, It. schizzare. See {Sketch}, n.] 1. To draw the outline or chief features of; to make a rought of. [1913 Webster] 2. To plan or describe by giving the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sketch — [skech] n. [earlier schitz < Du schets < It schizzo < L schedium, extempore poem < Gr schedios, extempore, sudden < schein, to hold: see SCHEME] 1. a simple, rough drawing or design, done rapidly and without much detail 2. a brief… …   English World dictionary

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