Seph. /see doohrdd"/; Ashk. /si"deuhrdd, si doordd"/; Eng. /sid"euhr/, n., pl. siddurim Seph. /see dooh rddeem"/; Ashk. /si doo"rddim/, Eng. siddurs. Hebrew.
a Jewish prayer book designed for use chiefly on days other than festivals and holy days; a daily prayer book. Cf. mahzor.
[siddur lit., arrangement]

* * *

Hebrew“order”plural  siddurim , or  siddurs 

      Jewish prayer book, which contains the entire Jewish liturgy used on the ordinary sabbath and on weekdays for domestic as well as synagogue ritual. It is distinguished from the mahzor, which is the prayer book used for the High Holidays. The prayers and benedictions of a siddur breathe Old Testament sentiments of praise, thanksgiving, petition, intercession, acknowledgment of sin, and prayers for forgiveness; numerous short verses from the Psalms express these religious feelings. Because tradition long allowed the addition of new prayers and hymns (piyyutim) to voice contemporary needs and aspirations, the siddurim reflect Jewish religious history expressed in liturgy and prayers. Thus, the Exodus still remains the central theme of Passover, a symbol and a sign of hope and trust in God.

      Though a liturgy of prayer was long in use before the destruction of the Second Temple (AD 70), it was Amram bar Sheshna (9th century AD) of Babylonia who first composed a complete siddur at the request of a Spanish congregation. Variations persist in modern editions of siddurim because of ritual and denominational differences and local preferences for such things as non-obligatory prayers. But the basic elements are so unchanging that no siddur can be said to have lost its catholicity.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Siddur — (hebräisch סידור: „Ordnung“, Plural: Siddurim) ist die Bezeichnung für das jüdische Gebetbuch für den Alltag und den Sabbat. Dagegen ist Machsor ein Gebetbuch für Feiertage. Der Siddur enthält Schacharit, Mincha und Maariw, das heißt Morgen ,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Siddur — (neuhebr., »Ordnung«, vollständiger Siddur ha tefilla, »Gebetordnung«; hier und da auch abgekürzt Tefilla, »Gebet«, genannt), das Gebetbuch der Israeliten für die Wochen und Sabbattage, das jedoch auch Gebetstücke für die Feste, die häusliche… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • siddur — [sid′ər] n. pl. siddurs or siddurim [si door′im] [Yiddish sider < MHeb sidur, shortening of Heb sefer sidur hatefila, lit., book of the order of prayer < root sdr: see SEDER] the Jewish prayer book that contains the daily and Sabbath… …   English World dictionary

  • Siddur — A siddur (Hebrew: סידור; plural siddurim ) is a Jewish prayer book, containing a set order of daily prayers. This article discusses how some of these prayers evolved, and how the siddur, as we know it today has developed. A separate article,… …   Wikipedia

  • Siddur — (Heb. order )    The book of prayer used in synagogue and in Jewish homes for both weekday and Sabbath prayer. Rabbinic authority banned the writing of prayers until the ninth century; the first edited compilation is attributed to Rav Amram c.… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • siddur — noun (plural siddurim) Etymology: Late Hebrew siddūr, literally, order, arrangement Date: circa 1864 a Jewish prayer book containing liturgies for daily, Sabbath, and holiday observances …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Siddur — Sid|dur der; , <aus gleichbed. hebr. siddûr, eigtl. »Regelung«> jüd. Gebetbuch …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • siddur — sid•dur [[t]ˈsɪd ər, sɪˈdʊər[/t]] hebr. [[t]siˈdur[/t]] n. pl. sid•du•rim [[t]sɪˈdʊər ɪm[/t]] hebr. [[t]si duˈrim[/t]] sid•durs jud a Jewish prayer book designed for use chiefly on days other than festivals and holy days Compare mahzor* •… …   From formal English to slang

  • Siddur Sim Shalom — may refer to any siddur in a family of Jewish prayerbooks released by the Rabbinical Assembly and the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism.iddur Sim ShalomThe first Siddur Sim Shalom was edited by Rabbi Jules Harlow, and published in 1985.… …   Wikipedia

  • Siddur of Saadia Gaon — The Siddur (prayerbook) of Saadia Gaon is the earliest surviving attempt to transcribe the weekly ritual of Jewish prayers for week days, Sabbaths, and festivals (apart from the prayer book of Amram Gaon, of which there is no authoritative text) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”