Sicyonian /sis'ee oh"nee euhn/, adj., n.
/sish"ee on', sis"-/, n.
an ancient city in S Greece, near Corinth.

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Ancient city, northern Peloponnese, southern Greece.

Located 11 mi (18 km) northwest of Corinth, Sicyon was influential in Greek history, attaining its greatest power in the 6th century BC under Cleisthenes, grandfather of Cleisthenes of Athens. During the 4th century BC it was celebrated for its school of painters and sculptors, which included Lysippus. In the 3rd century BC it gained prominence under Aratus, who brought it into the Achaean League.

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▪ ancient city, Greece
also spelled  Secyon,  Modern Greek  Sikión,  

      ancient Greek city in the northern Peloponnese about 11 miles (18 km) northwest of Corinth. Inhabited in Mycenaean times and later invaded by Dorians, Sicyon was subject to Argos for several centuries. In the 7th century BC, Sicyonian independence was established by non-Dorian tyrants, the Orthagorids. Under the Orthagorid ruler Cleisthenes (Cleisthenes Of Sicyon) (grandfather of the Athenian statesman of the same name), in the 6th century, the city gained its greatest power. After the fall of the tyranny, Sicyon joined the Peloponnesian League and remained a loyal ally of Sparta for about a century and a half; its plentiful coinage attests to its prosperity in this period. Theban intervention in 369 or 368 led to intermittent civil strife and tyrannies. During the 4th century BC, Sicyon was celebrated for its school of painters and sculptors, which included the master Lysippus. Aratus (Aratus Of Sicyon), the most distinguished statesman of Sicyon, freed it from a tyranny (251) and brought it into the Achaean League, in which it played a leading role until his death (213).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Sicyon — or Greek Sikyon geographical name ancient city S Greece in NE Peloponnese NW of Corinth …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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  • Sicyon — Si•cy•on [[t]ˈsɪʃ iˌɒn, ˈsɪs [/t]] n. geg anh an ancient city in S Greece, near Corinth …   From formal English to slang

  • Sicyon — /ˈsɪʃiən/ (say sisheeuhn) noun an ancient city in southern Greece, near Corinth, a centre of painting and sculpture …  

  • Sicyon — Sicyonian /sis ee oh nee euhn/, adj., n. /sish ee on , sis /, n. an ancient city in S Greece, near Corinth …   Useful english dictionary

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