/shuy tahn"/, n.
[ < Ar Shaytan, c. Heb satan SATAN]

* * *

▪ Islamic mythology
also spelled  Sheitan,  Arabic  Shayṭān, 

      in Islāmic myth, an unbelieving class of jinn (“spirits”); it is also the name of Iblīs, the devil, when he is performing demonic acts.

      In the system of evil jinn outlined by the Arab writer al-Jāḥiẓ, the shaitans are identified simply as unbelieving jinn. Folklore, however, describes them as exceptionally ugly creatures, either male or female, capable of assuming human form—though their feet always remain hooves. They eat excrement and use disease as their weapon and are said to exist on the borderline between light and darkness. Indian and Syrian shaitans are described as the strongest of their class.

      The exact nature of the shaitans, however, is difficult to determine. Historically, among the pre-Islāmic Arabs, they functioned as familiars, or Greek demons, providing inspiration for soothsayers and poets. In the stories of Solomon, the shaitans seem to be no more than particularly knowledgeable jinn. In the Qurʾān, however, they assume the role of devil, an obvious borrowing from Judaic tradition. While they are not necessarily evil, they belong to the hordes commanded by Iblīs, the devil, who is also called in Arabic ash-Shayṭān. He and the shaitans whisper evil suggestions into men's ears but have no real power over men. It is said that they are as close to men as their blood, but the shaitans can only tempt, and their success depends on their ingenuity. See also jinnī (jinni); Iblīs.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shaitán — (en árabe: شيطان); plural: شياطين Shayatin) es como se conoce a un genio maligno en árabe, también conocido como Iblis (Árabe إبليس). Etimología La palabra Iblis deriva de la raíz árabe balasa بَلَسَ, que significa el desesperado ; de ese modo,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Shaitan — Shai tan, Sheitan Shei tan, n. [Written also {sheytan}.] [Hind. shait[=a]n, fr. Ar. shai[.t][=a]n.] 1. Among Mohammedans: (a) An evil spirit; the evil one; the devil. (b) One of bad disposition; a fiend. [Colloq.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. (Meteor …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shaitan — [shī tän′] n. [Ar šaiṭān, akin to Heb saṭan: see SATAN] [often S ] Satan, or the Devil, in Muslim usage …   English World dictionary

  • Shaitan — In Islam, Shayṭān ( ar. شيطان) is an entity analogous to Satan.Etymology Shayṭān Satan (شيطان, from the root šṭn شطن) is both a noun and an adjective. As a noun it means adversary or enemy or opponent, and as an adjective it means adversarial,… …   Wikipedia

  • Shaitan — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shaitan Singh — Major Shaitan Singh Bhati was born on December 1, 1924 at Jodhpur in Rajasthan. He was the son of Lieutenant Colonel Hem Singhji Bhati, and was commissioned in the Kumaon Regiment on 01 August 1949. Major Shaitan Singh Bhati was awarded Param Vir …   Wikipedia

  • shaitan — noun Etymology: Arabic shayṭān Date: 1638 an evil spirit; specifically an evil jinni …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Shaitan — Satan Pour les articles homonymes, voir Satan (homonymie). Satan vu par Gustave Doré. « Satan  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • shaitan — noun An evil djinn of Arab mythology, Satan, devil …   Wiktionary

  • shaitan —    See shaytan …   Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”