/shahn"shee"/, n. Pinyin.
a province in N central China. 20,770,000; 75,598 sq. mi. (195,799 sq. km). Cap.: Xian.
Also, Shensi.

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or Shen-hsi conventional Shensi

Province (pop., 2000 est.: 36,050,000), east-central China.

It is bordered by Shanxi, Henan, Hubei, Sichuan, and Gansu provinces, Chongqing municipality, and Ningxia and Inner Mongolia autonomous regions. It has an area of 75,600 sq mi (195,800 sq km). Its capital is Xi'an. Shaanxi has three distinct natural regions: the mountainous southern region, the central Wei River valley, and the northern upland plateau. The valley is especially vulnerable to earthquakes. Its northern parts were some of the earliest settled in China, and the remains of ancient construction projects found there include part of the Great Wall. From 221 BC until the Tang dynasty, it was wealthy and the centre of much political activity. As its irrigation system deteriorated, the area declined. In the 13th century, under the Mongols, it assumed its present form as a province. Mao Zedong's Long March ended here in 1935; Shaanxi came under communist control in 1937. Its ancient irrigation system has been rehabilitated in modern times, and the region is again a rich agricultural area. Crops include corn, winter wheat, fruits, tobacco, and cotton.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • SHAANXI — [CHEN SI] La province du Shaanxi s’étend au cœur des «pays du lœss» en Chine du Nord, où elle couvre 195 800 km2; elle était peuplée de 33 630 000 habitants selon les estimations de 1992. Du désert de l’Ordos, au nord, à la limite du Sichuan au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Shaanxi —   [ʃaːnçiː], Shenxi [ʃənçiː], Shensi, Schensi, Provinz in Nordwestchina, im Osten größtenteils vom Hwangho begrenzt, 205 600 km2, (1999) 35,96 Mio. Einwohner; Hauptstadt ist Xi an. Shaanxi umfasst im Norden ein 1 000 2 000 m über dem… …   Universal-Lexikon

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