Seven Wonders of the World

Seven Wonders of the World
the seven most remarkable structures of ancient times: the Egyptian pyramids, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the Templeof Artemis at Ephesus, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Colossus of Rhodes, the statue of Zeus by Phidias at Olympia, and the Pharos or lighthouse at Alexandria.

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Preeminent architectural and sculptural achievements of antiquity, as listed by various Greco-Roman observers.

Included on the best known list were the Pyramids of Giza (the oldest of the wonders and the only one substantially in existence today), the Hanging Gardens of Babylon (a series of landscaped rooftop terraces on a ziggurat, ascribed to either Nebuchadnezzar II or the semilegendary Queen Sammu-ramat), the Statue of Zeus at Olympia (a large gold-and-ivory figure of the god on his throne by Phidias), the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (a temple, built in 356 BC, famous for its imposing size and the works of art that adorned it), the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, the Colossus of Rhodes, and the Pharos of Alexandria (a lighthouse built с 280 BC on the island of Pharos off Alexandria, said to have been more than 350 ft, or 110 m, high). These wonders inspired the compilation of many other lists of seven attractions, or "wonders," by later generations.

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      preeminent architectural and sculptural achievements of the ancient Mediterranean and Middle East, as listed by various observers. The best known are those of the 2nd-century-BC writer Antipater of Sidon and of a later but unknown observer of the 2nd century BC who claimed to be the mathematician Philon of Byzantium. Included on the list in its eventual form were the following:

 Pyramids of Giza (Giza, Pyramids of), the oldest of the wonders and the only one of the seven substantially in existence today.

  Hanging Gardens of Babylon, thought to be a series of landscaped terraces, exact location unknown, generally ascribed to Queen Sammu-ramat, King Nebuchadrezzar II, or the Assyrian king Sennacherib.

      Statue of Zeus (Zeus, Statue of) at Olympia, a large, ornate figure of the god on his throne, made about 430 BC by Phidias of Athens.

      Temple of Artemis (Artemis, Temple of) at Ephesus, a structure famous for its imposing size and for the works of art that adorned it.

      Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (Halicarnassus, Mausoleum of), monumental tomb of the Anatolian king Mausolus built by his widow Artemisia (Artemisia II).

      Colossus of Rhodes (Rhodes, Colossus of), a huge bronze statue built at the harbour of Rhodes in commemoration of the raising of the siege of Rhodes (305–304 BC).

  Pharos of Alexandria, the most famous lighthouse of the ancient world, built for Ptolemy II (Ptolemy II Philadelphus) of Egypt about 280 BC on the island of Pharos off Alexandria.

      Some early lists included the Walls of Babylon or the Palace of King Cyrus of Persia in place of one of the sites noted above.

      The seven wonders of Greco-Roman antiquity inspired the compilation of many other lists of attractions, both natural and man-made, by successive generations. Among such lists, all of which are limited to seven “wonders,” are the (architectural) wonders of the Middle Ages, the natural wonders of the world, the natural wonders of the United States, the (architectural) wonders of the modern world, and the wonders of American engineering.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Seven wonders of the world — Seven Sev en, a. [OE. seven, seoven, seofen, AS. seofon, seofan, seofen; akin to D. zeven, OS., Goth., & OHG. sibun, G. sieben, Icel. sjau, sj[ o], Sw. sju, Dan. syv, Lith. septyni, Russ. seme, W. saith, Gael. seachd, Ir. seacht, L. septem, Gr.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Seven wonders of the world — World World, n. [OE. world, werld, weorld, weoreld, AS. weorold, worold; akin to OS. werold, D. wereld, OHG. weralt, worolt, werolt, werlt, G. welt, Icel. ver[ o]ld, Sw. verld, Dan. verden; properly, the age of man, lifetime, humanity; AS. wer a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Seven Wonders of the World — n. seven remarkable landmarks of ancient times: the Egyptian pyramids, the walls and hanging gardens of Babylon, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the Colossus of Rhodes, the statue of Zeus by Phidias at Olympia,… …   English World dictionary

  • Seven wonders of the world — Wonder Won der, n. [OE. wonder, wunder, AS. wundor; akin to D. wonder, OS. wundar, OHG. wuntar, G. wunder, Icel. undr, Sw. & Dan. under, and perhaps to Gr. ? to gaze at.] [1913 Webster] 1. That emotion which is excited by novelty, or the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Seven Wonders Of The World —    1. The Great Pyramid of Khufu (circa 2600 BC).    2. The Pharos Lighthouse at Alexandria (circa 280 BC, survived until about the 14th century AD) this lighthouse stood over 134 meters (440 feet) tall, and was located on an island at the… …   The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology

  • Seven Wonders of the World — plural noun the seven structures considered by ancient and medieval writers to be the most remarkable of ancient times: the Egyptian pyramids, the Mausoleum erected by Artemisia at Halicarnassus, the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the walls and… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Seven Wonders of the World — noun impressive monuments created in the ancient world that were regarded with awe • Syn: ↑Seven Wonders of the Ancient World • Usage Domain: ↑plural, ↑plural form • Hypernyms: ↑memorial, ↑monument …   Useful english dictionary

  • Seven Wonders of the World — noun a) Any of several lists of remarkable natural or man made places. b) Seven Wonders of the Ancient World …   Wiktionary

  • Seven Wonders of the World — Seven Won|ders of the World, the seven ancient structures which were considered to be the most interesting and impressive things in the world made by ancient peoples. These were the ↑Pyramids of Egypt, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the ↑statue… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • seven wonders of the world — seven amazing structures built in ancient times (the Pyramids, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, statue of Zeus by Phidias at Olympia, Pharos of Alexandria, Colossus of Rhodes, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, and Mausoleum of Halicarnassus) …   English contemporary dictionary

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