—sentencer, n.n.1. Gram. a grammatical unit of one or more words, bearing minimal syntactic relation to the words that precede or follow it, often preceded and followed in speech by pauses, having one of a small number of characteristic intonation patterns, and typically expressing an independent statement, question, request, command, etc., as Summer is here. or Who is it? or Stop!2. Law.a. an authoritative decision; a judicial judgment or decree, esp. the judicial determination of the punishment to be inflicted on a convicted criminal.b. the punishment itself.3. Music. a period.4. Archaic. a saying, apothegm, or maxim.5. Obs. an opinion given on a particular question.v.t.6. to pronounce sentence upon; condemn to punishment.[1175-1225; (n.) ME < OF < L sententia opinion, decision, equiv. to sent- (base of sentire to feel) + -entia -ENCE; (v.) ME: to pass judgment, decide judicially < OF sentencier, deriv. of sentence]
* * *In criminal law, a judgment formally pronouncing the punishment to be inflicted on a person convicted of a crime.Among the major types are the concurrent sentence, which runs at the same time as another; the consecutive sentence, which runs before or after another; the mandatory sentence, which is specifically required by statute as punishment for an offense; and the suspended sentence, the imposition or execution of which is suspended by the court. See also capital punishment, parole.
* * *▪ lawin law, formal judgment of a convicted defendant in a criminal case setting the punishment to be meted out. In civil cases the terms decision, award, and judgment are used.Various types of sentences can be given. In cumulative sentences a defendant convicted on several counts receives a separate sentence for each count; such sentences may run concurrently or consecutively. A sentence may also be for an unspecified period, with the intention of allowing the prisoner to be released on good behaviour at an earlier time than would be possible under a specific sentence. A sentence may also stipulate the conditions under which the prisoner is to be released when he has served his time; for example, he may be released on probation or be discharged absolutely or conditionally.
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