sclerotium

sclerotium
sclerotial /skli roh"sheuhl/, adj.
/skli roh"shee euhm/, n., pl. sclerotia /-shee euh/. Mycol.
a vegetative, resting food-storage body in certain higher fungi, composed of a compact mass of hardened mycelia.
[1810-20; < NL; see SCLEROTIN, -IUM]

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      a persistent, vegetative, resting spore of certain fungi (e.g., Botrytis, Sclerotium). It consists of a hard, dense, compact mycelium (mass of filaments that make up the body of a typical fungus) that varies in form and has a dark-coloured covering. Size varies from a few cells to many; sometimes masses up to 10 cm (4 inches) are formed. The sclerotia of Rhizoctonia are common on potato tubers. The sclerotia of ergot (q.v.) are poisonous to animals, including humans.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Sclerotium — Scle*ro ti*um, n.; pl. {Sclerotia}. [NL., fr. Gr. sklhro s hard.] 1. (Bot.) A hardened body formed by certain fungi, as by the {Claviceps purpurea}, which produces ergot. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ o]l.) The mature or resting stage of a plasmodium.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sclerotĭum — (S. Pers.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Gasteromycetes Sclerotiacei Sclerotiei; rundliche, knorpelige, meistens kornförmige Pilze, ohne erkennbare Samen, von einem dünnen, nicht abgehenden Häutchen umgeben; wachsen zum Theil in lebendigen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • sclerotium — [skli rō′shē əm] n. pl. sclerotia [skli rō′shē ə] [ModL < Gr sklēros, hard: see SCLERA] in various fungi, a hardened, black or reddish brown mass of threads in which food material is stored and which is capable of remaining dormant for long… …   English World dictionary

  • Sclerotium — For the fungal genus Sclerotium, see Typhula. Ergot sclerotia developing on wheat spikes A sclerotium (plural sclerotia) is a compact mass of hardened fungal mycelium containing food reserves. One role of sclerotia is to survive environmental… …   Wikipedia

  • Sclerotium — noun form genus of sterile imperfect fungi; many form sclerotia; some cause sclerotium disease in plants • Syn: ↑genus Sclerotium • Hypernyms: ↑fungus genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Mycelia Sterilia, ↑order Mycelia Sterilia …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sclerotium delphinii — Mit Sclerotium delphinii infizierte Funkie (Hosta) mit gut sichtbaren Sklerotien Systematik Klasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sclerotium rolfsii — Taxobox | name = Sclerotium rolfsii regnum = Fungi divisio = Basidiomycota classis = Basidiomycetes ordo = Agaricales familia = Typhulaceae genus = Sclerotium species = S. rolfsii binomial = Sclerotium rolfsii binomial authority = Sacc. 1911… …   Wikipedia

  • Sclerotium delphinii — Taxobox name = Sclerotium delphinii regnum = Fungi phylum = Basidiomycota classis = Basidiomycetes subclassis = Agaricomycetidae ordo = Agaricales familia = Typhulaceae genus = Sclerotium species = S. delphinii binomial = Sclerotium delphinii… …   Wikipedia

  • Sclerotium cinnamomi — Taxobox name = Sclerotium cinnamomi regnum = Fungi phylum = Basidiomycota classis = Basidiomycetes subclassis = Agaricomycetidae ordo = Agaricales familia = Typhulaceae genus = Sclerotium species = S. cinnamomi binomial = Sclerotium cinnamomi… …   Wikipedia

  • Sclerotium hydrophilum — Taxobox name = Sclerotium hydrophilum regnum = Fungi phylum = Basidiomycota classis = Basidiomycetes subclassis = Agaricomycetidae ordo = Agaricales familia = Typhulaceae genus = Sclerotium species = S. hydrophilum binomial = Sclerotium… …   Wikipedia

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