satem

satem
/sah"teuhm/, adj.
belonging to or consisting of those branches of the Indo-European family in which alveolar or palatal fricatives, as the sounds /s/ or /sh/, developed in ancient times from Proto-Indo-European palatal stops: the satem branches are Indo-Iranian, Armenian, Slavic, Baltic, and Albanian. Cf. centum2.
[1900-05; < Avestan satam hundred (c. L centum; see CENTUM2), exemplifying in s- the outcome of Indo-European palatal stops characteristic of the group]

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • satem — SÁTEM s. n. limbă indo europeană care a păstrat în evoluţia ei sunetul s înaintea vocalelor e şi i. (< germ. Satem/sprache/) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • satem — [sä′təm] adj. [< Avestan satəm, hundred < Sans sátám: see HUNDRED): so named because the initial sound illustrates the typical development in this group of the IE palatal stop, which in the centum group is a velar stop] designating or of… …   English World dictionary

  • Satem — Mapa diacrónico que muestra las zonas de lenguas centum (azul) y satem (rojo). Las que se suponen como origen de la satemización están marcadas en rojo oscuro. La palabra satem es utilizada para denominar un grupo de lenguas Indoeuropeas que… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Satem — En avéstico, ciento . Este término hace referencia al criterio de división de la lengua indoeuropea basado en las leyes de Grimm y Verner. De acuerdo con estas leyes, en ciertas familias indoeuropeas (albana, armenia, indoirania, eslava y en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • satem — sà·tem agg.inv. TS ling. solo nella loc. → lingua satem {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1933. ETIMO: dall avestico sat{{wmetafile0}}m propr. cento …   Dizionario italiano

  • satem — ndm ∆ jęz. Języki satem «języki, w których hipotetyczne praindoeuropejskie k palatalne przeszło w s (np. staroperskie sat∂m = sto), a g palatalne w z; języki satemowe» …   Słownik języka polskiego

  • satem — /ˈsatəm/ (say sahtuhm) adjective relating to those Indo European languages which changed primitive Indo European {k} to [s], in contrast to those which retained the {k}. Compare centum. {Avestan satem hundred (an example of this change, where… …  

  • satem-jezici — sàtem jèzici m mn DEFINICIJA lingv. istočna skupina indoeuropskih jezika (indoiranski, baltoslavenski, armenski, albanski) ETIMOLOGIJA perz. (avest.) satem: sto …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • satem languages — /säˈtəm langˈgwi jiz or jəz/ plural noun The group of Indo European languages in which an original palatal consonant developed as a sibilant (cf ↑centum languages) ORIGIN: From Avestic satem hundred (exemplifying the consonant so developed) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Satem-Sprachen — Der Begriff Kentumsprachen (seltener Centumsprachen) bezeichnet in der Indogermanistik eine Anzahl von Sprachzweigen, die Gemeinsamkeiten in der lautlichen Weiterentwicklung der tektalen Plosive (velare, labiovelare, palatale) aufweisen. Den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”