- Saronic Gulf
/seuh ron"ik/an inlet of the Aegean, on the SE coast of Greece, between Attica and the Peloponnesus. 50 mi. (80 km) long; 30 mi. (48 km) wide. Also called Gulf of Aegina.
* * *Gulf of the Aegean Sea, southeastern coast of Greece.Some 50 mi (80 km) long and 30 mi (50 km) wide, it separates Attica and the Peloponnese and is linked to the Gulf of Corinth by the Corinth Canal. It was the site of a major Athenian victory over the Persians in 480 BC (see Battle of Salamis). Its ports include Piraeus and Mégara.
* * *Modern Greek Saronikós Kólpos, also called Gulf Of Aegina,gulf of the Aegean Sea between Ákra (cape) Soúnion of the Attica peninsula and Ákra Skíllaion of the Argolis peninsula of the Greek Peloponnese. A maximum of 50 mi (80 km) long northwest–southeast and about 30 mi wide, it is linked on the west to the Gulf of Corinth by the Corinth Canal. At its widest point the gulf is divided by three of the Saronic islands: Salamís, Aíyina (Aegina), and Póros. Piraeus, the port of Athens and largest port of Greece, is situated due east of Salamís; the ports of Elevsís and Mégara lie north and northwest, respectively, of Salamís. Off the much indented coast of Salamís, Athenian naval and land forces achieved a crushing victory over a massive Persian naval force in 480 BC.
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