Sarasvati

Sarasvati
/seuh rus"veuh tee, sur"euhs veuh-/, n.
the Hindu goddess of learning and the arts.

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▪ Hindu deity
 Hindu (Hinduism) goddess of learning and the arts, especially music. First appearing as the personification of the sacred river Sarasvati and also identified with Vac, the goddess of speech, she is later named the consort, daughter, or granddaughter of the god Brahma. She is regarded as the patroness of art, music, and letters and as the inventor of the Sanskrit language. She is usually represented as riding on a goose of pure white that is able to undertake long flights and holding a lute and a manuscript or book. In modern times her mount has frequently been represented as a swan. Sarasvati is worshipped at the advent of spring (January–February), when her image is taken out in jubilant procession, but she is also invoked perennially and at examination times by students and by artists and performers of all kinds. Sarasvati is also popular in Jain (Jainism) and Buddhist (Buddhism) mythology.

      The river Sarasvati is revered above all others in the Vedas (a collection of poems and hymns) and is by far the one most frequently mentioned. Because it corresponds to none of the major rivers of present-day South Asia, it has for centuries been regarded as subtle or mythic, converging unseen with the Ganges and Jamuna rivers when they flow together at Prayag (Allahabad). The millions of pilgrims who participate in the great religious festival Kumbh Mela every 12 years at this site are thus said to bathe in the tri-veni (“triple confluence”), as do all pilgrims to Prayag, which is therefore sometimes called “king of tirthas (sacred places).”

      A major debate at the beginning of the 21st century focused on whether the Vedic Sarasvati corresponds to a major dry riverbed forming part of the Indus (Indus civilization) complex and containing many unexcavated archaeological sites. If so, this forgotten Sarasvati might provide a major link between Vedic and Indus Valley cultures.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sarasvati — Sarasvatî Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sarasvatî, un fleuve mythique mais qui a peut être existé dans l’Antiquité indienne, Sarasvatī, une déesse du panthéon hindou. Ce document… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sarasvatî — Sarasvatî, im Rigveda ein heiliger Fluß (heute Sirsuti, doch scheint sich das Bett geändert zu haben). In der brahmanischen Götterlehre ist S. die Gemahlin des Brahmâ, Göttin der Poesie, Musik, Beredsamkeit, überhaupt der klaren Erkenntnis.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sarasvati — Sarasvatī, in der ind. Mythologie die Göttin der Gelehrsamkeit und Beredsamkeit, Gemahlin des Brahma …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sarasvati —    The Sarasvati was one of the great rivers of RIG VEDIC times and was worshipped as a divine god dess in the VEDAS. A handful of verses in the Vedas also associate her with the stream of the dead, which is crossed by all who die.    The river… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Sarasvati — En el hinduismo, Sárasuati es la diosa del conocimiento y una de las tres diosas principales (siendo las otras dos Laksmí y Durgá). Imagen de la diosa Sárasuati …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sarasvatî — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sarasvatî, un fleuve mythique mais qui a peut être existé dans l’Antiquité indienne, Sarasvatī, une déesse du panthéon hindou. Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sarasvati — Die Göttin Saraswati auf einem temporären Altar zu ihrem Festtag Vasant Panchami, in ihrer linken Hand ihr Instrument, die Vina . Saraswati (Sanskrit, f., सरस्वती, Sarasvatī), die Fließende[1], ist eine indische …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sarasvati — Sarạsvati,   indische Göttin der Rede und der Gelehrsamkeit; Schutzherrin der Künste, besonders der Musik; Gattin des Brahma. Sie gilt als Mutter der Veden und auch als Erfinderin des Sanskrit und seiner Devanagarischrift.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • SARASVATI —    a Hindu goddess, and ultimately the wife of Brahma and goddess of music and eloquence …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sarasvati — Brahmas kone (Indien) …   Danske encyklopædi

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