/san"teuhs/; Port. /sahonn"toos/, n.
a seaport in S Brazil: world's largest coffee-exporting port. 341,317.

* * *

 port city, southeastern São Paulo estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It occupies an alluvial plain on the inner side of São Vicente Island, cut off from the mainland by a tidal channel. The city lies only a few feet above sea level, and its swampy island is drained by deep concrete conduits. The channel is free from obstructions, and in front of the city it widens into a bay deep enough for the largest oceangoing vessels. The docks are 4 miles (6 km) long and can accommodate about 50 ships at a time.

      Founded in 1543 and named for the Hospital dos Santos in Lisbon, it was sacked by the English privateer Thomas Cavendish in 1591. It has become one of the world's leading coffee ports, and the aroma of coffee permeates the city. In addition to coffee, principal exports include sugar, bananas, xarque (jerked beef), corn (maize), seafood (sardines, croakers, hake, lobster), oranges, and hides. Automobiles, auto parts, transport equipment, electrical machinery, steel and ferroalloy products, shoes, clothing, and textiles are other major exports. Local industries include sawmills, canneries, and factories producing cement, candy, soap, soft drinks, and canvas items. A petroleum refinery at nearby Cubatão and a hydroelectric plant serve the city. Santos is the country's largest port and was significantly modernized in the 1990s. The city is home to the internationally known Santos football (soccer) club and its sizable stadium; the team is perhaps best known for Pelé, a former player who is one of the most famous athletes in the world.

      A humid, subtropical climate and marshy surroundings once created unfavourable living conditions, but drainage canals, the paving of streets, better housing, sanitation, and port improvements have given Santos a healthful environment. A suburban seaside resort, Guarujá, attracts many visitors from inland Brazil. Railroads and highways descend the steep coastal range, the Serra do Mar, from the city of São Paulo, 50 miles (80 km) northwest. Pop. (2005 est.) 416,100.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Santos — may refer to: *Santos (surname) *Santos (artist) (born 1971), Italian DJPlaces*Santos (São Paulo), port city in São Paulo, Brazil **Port of Santos, its container port **Santos Basin, offshore oilfield *Sántos, in Somogy county, Hungary… …   Wikipedia

  • Santos — Santos …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Santos — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Santos (desambiguación). Santos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Santos F.C. — Santos Futebol Clube (Santos) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Santos Futebol Clube. Santos FC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Santos FC — Santos Futebol Clube (Santos) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Santos Futebol Clube. Santos FC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sántos — Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Santos — es una ciudad costera en el estado brasileño de São Paulo. Actualmente, es el puerto más grande y más importante de América Latina. Está unido a la ciudad de Sao Paulo por tres autopistas: Anchieta, Imigrantes e Imigrantes II. * * * Santos,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Santos B&B — (Бари Палезе,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Napoli 6 Interno 28, 70127 Бари Палезе …   Каталог отелей

  • Santos — Santos, 1) los Santos de Mainona, Ort in der spanischen Provinz Badajoz (Estremadura); Tuchweberei, Kupferminen; 6000 Ew.; 2) Stadt im Granada Consederationsstaate Panama (Centralamerika), am Golf von Panama (Stiller Ocean), Rindvieh u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Santos — Nom généralement portugais. Voir Dos Santos …   Noms de famille

  • Santos — Santos, 1) (Los S. de Maimona) Stadt in der span. Provinz Badajoz, Bezirk Zafra, im Tal des Gnadajira, an der Eisenbahn Merida Sevilla, mit Tuchfabrikation, Kupferbergbau und (1897) 6703 Einw. – 2) Wichtigster Hafen Brasiliens im Staate São Paulo …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”