/sand"wich, san"-/, n.
a town in E Kent, in SE England: one of the Cinque Ports. 4467.

* * *

      town (parish) at the northern edge of Dover district, administrative and historic county of Kent, England. It lies along the River Stour, 2 miles (3 km) from the sea. Originally the tidewater came far enough up the Stour estuary to make Sandwich a port. By the 9th century the town had replaced the decayed Roman port of Richborough, and in the 11th century it became one of the Cinque Ports. It flourished during the European Middle Ages and was chartered as a borough in 1226. English kings continually used it for their expeditions to France, and its herring fishing and general trade prospered. Progressive silting of the channel entrance led to its decay by the 17th century; and an influx of French and Flemish Protestant refugees only temporarily revived its prosperity. In modern times it has remained small, retaining many old buildings along the narrow, winding streets within the line of the old walls, now marked by a public walk. Two of its medieval churches, St. Clement's and St. Peter's, are conspicuous buildings, as is St. Mary's, rebuilt in 1667. Its golf course is well known. Pop. (2001) 4,753.

 town (township), Barnstable county, southeastern Massachusetts, U.S. It lies along Cape Cod Bay, just east of the town of Bourne, and it includes the villages of East Sandwich, Sandwich, and Forestdale. The earliest European settlement (1637) on Cape Cod (Cod, Cape), it was incorporated in 1639 and named for Sandwich, England. From 1825 to 1888 it was famous for its pressed glass, now rare and valuable since the original secret formula for making it was lost. Examples of the art are displayed in the Sandwich Glass Museum.

      A number of colonial buildings survive, including Hoxie House and Dexter's Grist Mill. The campus of the Heritage Plantation has buildings that house antique auto, military, and arts and crafts exhibits. Outdoor recreational areas include the Scusset Beach State Reserve and Shawme-Crowell State Forest. Otis Air National Guard Base is partly within the town limits. Tourism and cranberry growing are economically important. Area 43 square miles (111 square km). Pop. (1990) 15,489; (2000) 20,136; (2005 est.) 20,726.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sandwich — [ sɑ̃dwi(t)ʃ ] n. m. • 1802; mot angl. (1762), tiré du nom du comte de Sandwich, dont le cuisinier inventa ce mode de repas pour lui épargner de quitter sa table de jeu 1 ♦ Mets constitué de deux tranches de pain, entre lesquelles on place des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sandwich — Sn std. (19. Jh.) Onomastische Bildung. Entlehnt aus ne. sandwich, so benannt nach dem Grafen von Sandwich, der als leidenschaftlicher Spieler belegte Brote zum Spiel mitnahm, um es nicht durch Mahlzeiten unterbrechen zu müssen.    Ebenso nndl.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Sandwich — Sandwich, IL U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 6509 Housing Units (2000): 2494 Land area (2000): 3.014091 sq. miles (7.806460 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.014091 sq. miles (7.806460… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • sandwich — [n] grinder BLT, club sandwich, Dagwood*, hero*, hoagie, open faced sandwich, Reuben, sub, submarine sandwich; concepts 457,460,461 …   New thesaurus

  • sandwich — ► NOUN 1) an item of food consisting of two pieces of bread with a filling between them. 2) Brit. a sponge cake of two or more layers with jam or cream between them. ► VERB 1) (sandwich between) insert between (two people or things). 2) (sandwich …   English terms dictionary

  • Sandwich, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 6509 Housing Units (2000): 2494 Land area (2000): 3.014091 sq. miles (7.806460 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.014091 sq. miles (7.806460 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Sandwich, MA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 3058 Housing Units (2000): 1706 Land area (2000): 3.578713 sq. miles (9.268824 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.156599 sq. miles (0.405590 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.735312 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Sandwich — Sandwich: Die im 19. Jh. aus gleichbed. engl. sandwich entlehnte Bezeichnung für eine mit Butter bestrichene, mit kaltem Fleisch, Käse, Salat o. Ä. belegte (Weiß)brotscheibe oder Brötchenhälfte geht zurück auf J. Montague, den 4. Earl of Sandwich …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • sándwich — (plural sandwiches; del inglés; pronunciamos sángüich ) sustantivo masculino 1. Bocadillo preparado con rebanadas de pan inglés o pan de molde: un sándwich de jamón y queso, un sándwich mixto. 2. Origen: América. Bocadillo …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • sándwich — (Del ingl. sandwich, y este de J. Montagnu, 1718 1792, cuarto conde de Sandwich, de quien se cuenta que se alimentó de esta clase de comida para no abandonar una partida de cartas). m. Emparedado hecho con dos rebanadas de pan de molde entre las… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • sandwich — [sand′wich΄, san′wich΄] n. [after John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718 92), said to have eaten these in order not to leave the gaming table for meals] 1. two or more slices of bread with a filling of meat, fish, cheese, jam, etc. between them …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”