Samothrace

Samothrace
Samothracian /sam'euh thray"sheuhn/, adj., n.
/sam"euh thrays'/, n.
a Greek island in the NE Aegean. 3012. Greek, Samothrake /sah'maw thrddah"kee/.

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Modern Greek  Samothráki,  
 Greek island in the northern Aegean Sea off the Thracian coast, included in the nomós (department) of Évros. The 69-sq-mi (178-sq-km) island is geologically complex, consisting chiefly of ancient granites, clayey deposits, and softer volcanic materials. Hot springs are located near the north coast. Near its centre the island rises to 5,250 ft (1,600 m) in Korifí Fengári (Fenári Peak), the highest peak in the Aegean.

      Samothrace's infertile, mountainous character precluded ancient political importance, but it was known for its association with the cult of the Cabeiri, attributed by Herodotus and others to the pre-Greek Pelasgian peoples (see also Cabeiri). Around 700 BC the Greeks arrived and instituted a complex pantheon, the Sanctuary of the Gods, which has been excavated since 1856. The island joined the Delian League c. 425 and in 340 fell under the control of Macedonia. About 170 the last Macedonian king, Perseus, was captured on Samothrace by the Romans, who made the island a free state. The ancient city was situated at Palaepolis near the north coast, below the present village of Samothráki. Most of the ruins are Hellenistic buildings of the 4th to 2nd century BC, but others date from the 7th century. The statue known as the “Nike of Samothrace” was found there in 1863. In the Middle Ages Samothrace was controlled by the Franks and Genoese until 1457, when it was taken over by the Turks. They held it until after World War I, when it was ceded to Greece. Pop. (1981) island, 2,871.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Samothrace — île grecque du N. de la mer égée; 180 km²; 3 000 hab. On y trouva, en 1863, la statue dite Victoire de Samothrace (v. 190 av. J. C., 3,28 m, marbre, Louvre): une femme acéphale, ailée et drapée, se dresse sur la proue d un navire …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Samothrace — [sä΄mō̂ thrä′kēsam′ə thrās΄] Greek island in the NE Aegean: c. 70 sq mi (181 sq km): Gr. name Samothráki [sä΄mō̂ thrä′kē] Samothracian [sä΄mō̂thrā′shən] adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • SAMOTHRACE —     Que la fameuse île de Samothrace soit à l embouchure de l Hèbre, comme le disent tant de dictionnaires, ou qu elle en soit à vingt milles, comme c est la vérité, ce n est pas ce que je recherche.     Cette île fut longtemps la plus célèbre de …   Dictionnaire philosophique de Voltaire

  • Samothrace — /ˈsæməθreɪs/ (say samuhthrays) noun a Greek island in the north eastern Aegean; the Apostle Paul visited Samothrace on his trip to Macedonia, Acts 16:11. Greek, Samothrake /samɔˈθraki (say sahmaw thrahkee). –Samothracian /sæməˈθreɪʃən/ (say samuh …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Samothrace — or Modern Greek Samothráki geographical name island Greece in the NE Aegean • Samothracian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • SAMOTHRACE —    a mountainous, bleak island in the Ægean Sea, NW. of the mouth of the Dardanelles; has only one village of 2000 inhabitants; was in ancient times place of CABIRI WORSHIP (q.v.) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Samothrace —    See Gattilusio …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Samothrace — isl. of Greece, NE Aegean; 71 sq. mi …   Webster's Gazetteer

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