/sam"euh sen'/, n.
a guitarlike Japanese musical instrument having an extremely long neck and three strings, played with a plectrum.
[1610-20; < Japn < MChin, equiv. to Chin sanxia three-string banjo]

* * *

▪ Japanese musical instrument
also spelled  shamisen 

      long-necked, fretless Japanese lute. The instrument has a small, square body with a catskin front and back, three twisted-silk strings, and a curved-back pegbox with side pegs. It is played with a large plectrum; different types of plectrums produce distinct tone colours for specific types of music.

      The normal tunings of the samisen are c–f–b♭, c–f–c′, or c–g–c′ (relative pitch, tuned to the singer's range). A groove cut into the neck near the upper bridge causes the lowest string to touch the fingerboard, creating a characteristic buzzing sound called sawari.

      The samisen was derived from the similar Chinese sanxian, a version of which—the sanshin—reached Japan from the Ryukyu Islands in the 16th century. It is widely played in folk and art music as an accompaniment to lyric and narrative song and in the orchestras of Bunraku (puppet) and Kabuki dramas.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • samisen — [sam′ə sen΄] n. [Jpn samisen, shamisen < SinoJpn san, sam, three + sen, line, string] a Japanese musical instrument somewhat like a guitar, but with a long neck and three strings plucked with a spatula …   English World dictionary

  • Samisen — Sam i*sen, n. [Jap.] (Mus.) A Japanese musical instrument with three strings, resembling a guitar or banjo. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Samisen — Samisen, eine dreisaitige Gitarre in Japan …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • samisén — m. Cierto instrumento musical de cuerda japonés, que se toca con plectro. ⇒ *Guitarra …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • şamisen — ŞAMISÉN s. n. instrument muzical popular japonez cu coarde, asemănător cu chitara, cu sunet ascuţit şi metalic. (< fr. shamisen) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • samisen — Japanese three stringed instrument, 1610s, from Chinese san hsien, lit. three strings …   Etymology dictionary

  • samisen — sȁmisen m <G samiséna> DEFINICIJA glazb. žičano glazbalo sa 3 žice, tijela ovijena mačjim krznom; podrijetlom iz Japana ETIMOLOGIJA jap …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • samisen — noun /ˈsæmɪsɛn/ A kind of three stringed Japanese lute , 1982: He sees her chastened and cast down eyes as she kneels and tinkles away on her samisen John Fowles, Mantissa …   Wiktionary

  • samisen — ● shamisen ou samisen nom masculin (japonais shamisen) Luth japonais à cordes en soie, servant à accompagner les spectacles de marionnettes et du théâtre kabuki …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • samisen — /ˈsæməsɛn/ (say samuhsen) noun a Japanese guitar like musical instrument, having an extremely long neck and three strings. Also, shamisen. {Japanese samisen, shamisen, from Chinese, equivalent to Mandarin sānxiān three stringed (instrument), from …  

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”