sake

sake
sake1
/sayk/, n.
1. cause, account, interest, or benefit: for the sake of all students.
2. purpose or end: for the sake of appearances.
[bef. 900; ME; OE sacu lawsuit, cause; c. G Sache thing, ON sok lawsuit; akin to SEEK]
Syn. 1. regard, consideration, respect. 2. reason.
sake2
/sah"kee/, n.
a Japanese fermented, mildly alcoholic beverage made from rice.
Also, saké, saki.
[1680-90; < Japn sake(y), earlier *sakai]

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Japanese alcoholic beverage made from fermented rice.

It dates to at least the 3rd century AD. Sake is light in colour and noncarbonated, with a sweet flavour; its alcohol content is about 18% by volume. Often mistakenly called a wine, sake is closer in its method of manufacture to beer. Steamed rice is combined with a mold that converts the rice starch to fermentable sugars; the mix is kneaded into a paste, twice fermented (with fresh rice and water added), filtered, and bottled. In Japan, where it is the national beverage and the traditional drink of the Shinto gods, sake is warmed in a small earthenware or porcelain vessel before being blessed and served in small porcelain cups.

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also spelled  saki 

      Japanese alcoholic beverage made from fermented rice. Sake is light in colour, is noncarbonated, has a sweet flavour, and contains up to 18 percent alcohol.

      Sake is often mistakenly called a wine because of its appearance and alcoholic content; however, it is made in a two-step process similar to that for brewing beer. Special strains of rice are precisely milled to remove the outer layers, a process that reduces the grain to 50–70 percent of its original size. Production begins with koji, a preparation of steamed rice and Aspergillus oryzae, a mold that converts the rice starch to fermentable sugars. The koji, mixed with water and fresh steamed rice, is kneaded (traditionally by hand) into a smooth paste and placed in a vat with more rice and water. This mixture, allowed to ferment for about four weeks with sake yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), becomes moto, with an alcoholic content of about 11 percent. More koji, steamed rice, and water are added to the vat, and a second fermentation begins, lasting about seven days. After resting for another week, the sake is filtered, pasteurized, and bottled. Alcohol may be added to the desired level.

      In Japan, where it is the national beverage, sake is served with special ceremony. Before being served, it is warmed in a small earthenware or porcelain bottle called a tokkuri; it is usually sipped from a small porcelain cup called a sakazuki. Premium sake, of a delicate flavour, is served cold or on ice. Sake is best when consumed less than a year after bottling.

      The manufacture of sake began sometime after the introduction of wet rice cultivation in Japan in the 3rd century BC. The first written record referring to sake dates from the 3rd century AD, and the first reference to its manufacture dates from the 8th century. In ancient Japan sake was produced primarily by the imperial court and by large temples and shrines, but from the early 12th century the general population began to manufacture it. By the early 16th century the modern process for making sake had been nearly perfected.

      Sake is the drink of the kami (gods) of Shintō, the indigenous Japanese religion. It is drunk at festivals and is included in offerings to the kami. At a Shintō wedding the bridal couple perform a ceremony of drinking sake from lacquer cups.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • saké — saké …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Sake — in verschiedenen Gefäßen, rechts in einem Masu Sake (jap. 酒, /sɑ.kɛ/) ist im Okzident ein Synonym für Reiswein, ein klares oder weißlich trübes alkoholisches Getränk aus Japan mit ca. 15–20 Volumenprozent …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sake — [ seık ] noun count usually singular ** 1. ) the benefit or good of someone or something: for someone s sake: We hope for her sake that the wedding goes as planned. for the sake of something: The regulation is not just for the protection of the… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • saké — [ sake ] n. m. • 1882; saki 1878; mot jap. ♦ Boisson alcoolisée obtenue par fermentation du riz, dite aussi bière de riz. Le saké se boit tiède ou chaud. ⊗ HOM. Sacquer. ● saké nom masculin (japonais sake) Boisson alcoolique (entre 11 et 17 %)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sake — (s[=a]k), n. [OE. sake cause, also, lawsuit, fault, AS. sacu strife, a cause or suit at law; akin to D. zaak cause, thing, affair, G. sache thing, cause in law, OHG. sahha, Icel. s[ o]k, Sw. sak, Dan. sag, Goth. sakj[=o] strife, AS. sacan to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sake — SAKÉ s.n. Băutură alcoolică specifică Japoniei, făcută din orez fermentat, care se bea, de obicei, cald. – Din fr. saké. Trimis de LauraGellner, 17.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  SAKÉ n. Băutură alcoolică japoneză, preparată din orez fermentat, care se …   Dicționar Român

  • sake — The standard forms are for appearances sake, for Christ s (or God s etc.) sake, for old times sake, with a singular or plural possessive form for the preceding noun. Practice varies in for conscience (or conscience s) sake and for goodness (or… …   Modern English usage

  • sake — Ⅰ. sake [1] ► NOUN 1) (for the sake of) for the purpose of or in the interest of. 2) (for the sake of) out of consideration for or in order to help. 3) (for old times sake) in memory of former times. 4) ( …   English terms dictionary

  • sake — sake1 [sāk] n. [ME < OE sacu, cause or suit at law, contention, akin to Ger sache, thing, affair < IE base * sāg , to investigate > SEEK, L sagire, to perceive, find, sagax, sharply discerning] 1. purpose or reason; motive; cause [for… …   English World dictionary

  • sake — sȁke m <indekl.> DEFINICIJA nacionalno piće u Japanu dobiveno alkoholnim vrenjem riže ETIMOLOGIJA jap. sake …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • šakė — šãkė dkt. Patogi̇̀ ir tvirtà dar̃žininko šãkė …   Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas

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