/rddaw mahonn"/, n., pl. romans /-mahonn"/. French.
1. a metrical narrative, esp. in medieval French literature.
2. a novel.

* * *

Typeface used most widely in Western typography, the general term for the type of this book's text.

Characterized by simple, unembellished shapes, roman was developed by 15th-century printers as an alternative to the heavy-bodied, spiky black letter script. Models for a new type that was easier to cut and read were found in the scriptoria, where scribes, probably at the urging of humanist scholars, were experimenting with a letter face they believed had been used in ancient Rome. Historians now trace its ancestry instead to the letter forms developed for Charlemagne's decrees by Alcuin in the 9th century. Within a century, roman had superseded all other typefaces throughout Europe; the sole exception was Germany, where black letter continued to hold sway into the 20th century.
(as used in expressions)
Africa Roman
Greco Roman wrestling
Jakobson Roman Osipovich
The Roman Observer
Polanski Roman
Deeds of the Romans

* * *

      city, Neamț (Neamţ) județ (county), northeastern Romania, situated at the confluence of the Moldova and Siret (Siret River) rivers. It was founded by Roman Mușat, ruling prince of Moldavia (1391–94); he referred to it as “our town of Roman” in a letter of 1392. It developed as a small trading settlement on the Siret valley route between Suceava, to the northwest, and the Danube ports. During the reign of Alexander the Good (Alexandru cel Bun, 1400–32), a diocesan residence was located there; among its bishops was the scholar Dosoftei, whose translation of the Psalter (1673) was the first work in Romanian in formal verse. Among the city's attractions are a 16th-century cathedral; the church of Precista Mare (founded in the 16th century by Princess Ruxandra, wife of Prince Alexandru Lăpușneanu); the remains of the fortifications of Prince Roman Mușat, which stand on the Cetățuia Plateau, and the Museum of History (1957). In addition to a long-established sugar refinery, the city has a pipe- and tube-rolling mill and a building materials factory. Pop. (2007 est.) 69,058.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ROMAN — QUAND un genre littéraire, depuis plus de deux mille ans, produit par milliers des œuvres de qualité, et ce dans la plupart des grandes littératures – c’est le cas de ce qu’on appelle aujourd’hui en français le roman – qui, sans ridicule,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • roman- — ⇒ROMAN , élém. de compos. Élém. entrant dans la constr. de subst. masc.; le 2e élém. est un subst. postposé précisant le genre du roman. A. [Dans son rapport avec le temps] V. roman feuilleton (s.v. feuilleton B 2 b en appos.), roman fleuve (s.v …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • roman — roman, ane 1. (ro man, ma n ) adj. 1°   Il s est dit d un langage qu on a supposé avoir été intermédiaire entre le latin et les langues qui en sont nées, mais qui, en ce sens, n a jamais existé.    Aujourd hui, il se dit des langues qui se sont… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Roman — or Romans may refer to:* A thing or person of or from the city of Rome.; History * Ancient Rome (9th century BC – 5th century AD) ** Roman Kingdom (753 BC to 509 AD) ** Roman Republic (509 BC to 44 AD) ** Roman Empire (27 BC to 476 AD) ** Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman — Ro man, a. [L. Romanus, fr. Roma Rome: cf. F. romain. Cf. {Romaic}, {Romance}, {Romantic}.] 1. Of or pertaining to Rome, or the Roman people; like or characteristic of Rome, the Roman people, or things done by Romans; as, Roman fortitude; a Roman …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Roman I. — Roman I. (* vor 1100 in Kärnten; † 3. April 1167 in Gurk) war von 1131 bis 1167 Bischof von Gurk. Er ließ Schloss Straßburg und den Dom zu Gurk erbauen. Schloss Straßburg Leben und Wirken …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Román — (del fr. «roman»; ant.) m. Idioma español. ≃ Romance. * * * román. (Del fr. roman). m. ant. Idioma español. * * * Román, Antonio Román, san …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • roman — Roman. s. m. Ouvrage en prose, contenant des advantures fabuleuses, d amour, ou de guerre. Les vieux romans. les romans modernes. le roman de Lancelot du Lac, de Perceforest. le roman de la Rose. le roman d Amadis. un roman nouveau. le roman d… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • ROMAN — ROMAN, town in Bacau province, Moldavia, N.E. Romania. According to a popular tradition, the first Jews settled in Roman in the second half of the 15th century. Another source attributes the beginning of the Jewish settlement there to the early… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Roman — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Roman hace referencia a: Roman Jakobson, lingüista, fonólogo y teórico de la literatura ruso; Roman Petrovich, príncipe ruso; Roman Polański, cineasta polaco; Roman Cendoya, Niño Chileno; Roman, Rumanía, ciudad de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Roman — román (del fr. «roman»; ant.) m. Idioma español. ≃ Romance. * * * román. (Del fr. roman). m. ant. Idioma español. * * * ► C. del NE de Rumania, en Moldavia, distrito de Neamtƒ; 78 749 h. * * * (as used in expressions) Jakobson, Roman (Osipovich)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”