/roj"euhr/, n.a male given name: from Germanic words meaning "fame" and "spear."
* * *(as used in expressions)Ascham RogerBacon RogerBaldwin Roger NashBannister Sir Roger GilbertCasement Sir Roger DavidClemens William RogerPierre RogerCorman Roger WilliamCray Seymour RogerFenton RogerFry Roger EliotGuillemin Roger Charles LouisMaris RogerRoger Eugene MarisMartin du Gard RogerPeterson Roger ToryRoger IRoger GuiscardSaint Exupéry Antoine Marie Roger deSessions Roger HuntingtonShepard Roger NewlandSherman RogerSperry RogerStaubach Roger ThomasTaney Roger BrookeRoger of HelmarshausenVadim Plemiannikov RogerWilliams Roger
* * *▪ duke of Apuliabyname Roger Borsa, Italian Ruggiero Borsaborn c. 1060died 1111Norman duke of Apulia from 1085 to 1111, son of Robert Guiscard. His succession to his father's lands and title in 1085 led to a conflict with his half brother Bohemond de Hauteville. (See Bohemond I).Roger was the son of Robert Guiscard by Robert's second marriage—to Sigelgaita, sister of the Lombard prince Gisulf of Salerno. Roger was called Borsa (“Purse”), to distinguish him from his uncle, Count Roger I of Sicily. With his brother Guy and his half brother Bohemond, Roger participated in Robert Guiscard's capture of Byzantine Corfu, off the coast of Greece, in 1083. At Sigelgaita's instigation, Robert named Roger Borsa as his heir rather than Bohemond, the son of his Norman first wife; and, when Robert died suddenly in 1085, Roger Borsa succeeded to the dukedom. His position was contested by Bohemond, who revolted and seized part of his father's territory. The quarrel continued until 1095, when Bohemond left on crusade.Roger Borsa was a weak ruler who, in spite of the support of the pope and of Count Roger, presided over the gradual disintegration of the duchy of Apulia.▪ ruler of Antiochdied June 28, 1119, principality of Antioch [now in Turkey]Norman ruler (1112–19) of the Crusader state of Antioch during the period of its greatest power.The son of Prince Richard of Salerno, he succeeded his uncle Tancred (Tancred of Hauteville) as regent in 1112. He forestalled a Seljuq Turkish attempt to reconquer Syria by his victory in the Battle of Danith (September 14, 1115). Fighting for possession of Aleppo, he was defeated and killed by the Artuqid Ilghāzī of Mardin in the Battle of the Field of Blood (June 27, 1119).
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