/ri shahrd"/; Fr. /rddee shannrdd"/, n.Maurice /maw rees"/; Fr. /moh rddees"/, ("the Rocket"), born 1921, Canadian hockey player./rich"euhrd/, n.a male given name.
* * *(as used in expressions)Allen RichardArkwright Sir RichardAttlee Clement Richard 1st Earl Attlee of WalthamstowAvedon RichardBallinger Richard AchillesBarton Sir Derek Harold RichardBentley RichardBonington Richard ParkesBurbage RichardBurton RichardBurton Sir Richard FrancisButler Richard Austen baron of Saffron WaldenByrd Richard EvelynRichard Wagstaff ClarkCobden RichardCripps Sir Richard StaffordCromwell RichardDaley Richard JosephDana Richard HenryDiebenkorn RichardDrew Charles RichardEly Richard TheodoreFeynman Richard PhillipsFord RichardFuller Richard BuckminsterHakluyt RichardHaldane of Cloane Richard Burdon 1st ViscountHamming Richard WesleyHeath Sir Edward Richard GeorgeHersey John RichardHess Walter Richard RudolfHicks Sir John RichardHoe Robert and Hoe Richard MarchHooker RichardHowe Richard Howe EarlHunt Richard MorrisJayewardene Junius RichardJohnson Richard MentorKlein Calvin RichardKrafft Ebing Richard Freiherr Baron vonLee Richard HenryRichard Wayne PennimanMeier Richard AlanNeutra Richard JosephNicolls RichardNixon Richard MilhousRichard Patrick RussOlney RichardPaisley Ian Richard KylePetty RichardRichard IRichard the LionheartedRichard Joseph Henri MauriceRoberts RichardRodgers RichardRolle Richard de HampoleRorty Richard McKayRush RichardSchlesinger John RichardRichard Henry SellersSerra RichardSheridan Richard Brinsley ButlerRichard Bernard SkeltonSteele Sir RichardStrauss Richard GeorgTawney Richard HenryTrevithick RichardRichard Wayne Van DykeWagner Wilhelm RichardWallace Richard Horatio EdgarRichard NevilleWellesley of Norragh Richard Colley Wellesley MarquessWhittington RichardWilbur Richard PurdyWilson RichardWright RichardHolland of Foxley and of Holland Henry Richard Vassall Fox 3rd Baron
* * *▪ English claimant to the Holy Roman Empirealso called Earl of Cornwallborn Jan. 6, 1209, Winchester, Hampshire, Eng.died April 2, 1272, Berkhampstead Castle, Hertfordshireking of the Romans from 1256 to 1271, aspirant to the crown of the Holy Roman Empire.He was the second son of King John of England and was created Earl of Cornwall (May 30, 1227). Between 1227 and 1238 he frequently opposed his brother, King Henry III by joining the barons in several crises but never proceeding to rebellion and always making Henry pay heavily for reconciliation. He took the cross (1236) and led a small English force to the Holy Land (June 1240–January 1242), refortifying Ascalon and negotiating an advantageous treaty. During Henry III's disastrous Poitevin campaign in France (1242), Richard's prompt retreat at Saintes and his persuasive diplomacy at Taillebourg saved Henry from capture. While acting regent of England during Henry's Gascon visit (1253–54), Richard summoned knights to represent the shires at the critical Easter Parliament of 1254. Reputedly the richest magnate in England, he refused Pope Innocent IV's offer of the Sicilian crown (1252–53) but accepted imperial candidature (1256), purchased four of the seven electoral votes, was elected king of the Romans and crowned at Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle; May 17, 1257). By lavish bribery he gained recognition throughout the Rhineland, returning home in January 1259.He helped Henry to overthrow the Provisions of Oxford, but from June to October 1260 he again visited Germany, then discovering the impossibility of his hopes of the imperial crown.He helped Henry invaluably against the rebel barons (1263–64) but was captured at Lewes (May 14, 1264) and imprisoned at Wallingford and then at Kenilworth until the overthrow of Simon de Montfort at Evesham (Aug. 4, 1265). He then worked ceaselessly to obtain the relatively moderate settlement of the Dictum of Kenilworth (Oct. 31, 1266). His fourth and last visit to Germany (August 1268–August 1269) is notable only for his third marriage, to Beatrice of Falkenburg.
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