/ree'cheuhr kahr"ay/; It. /rddee'cherdd kah"rdde/, n., pl. ricercari /-kahr"ee/; It. /-kah"rddee/.
[ < It, n. use of ricercare to seek; see RESEARCH]

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Italian“to seek out”plural  ricercari , also spelled  ricercar 

      musical composition for instruments in which one or more themes are developed through melodic imitation; it was prominent in the 16th and 17th centuries. The earliest ricercari, which were for the lute, appeared in late 15th-century manuscripts and in a publication dated 1507. Soon thereafter the style was adopted in keyboard music. Well-suited to the technical capabilities of the lute, they mixed passages in chordal style, running scale passages, and alternation of high and low phrases that suggested the many-voiced texture of polyphonic music. In succeeding decades a second style arose, characterized by melodic imitation reminiscent of the motet (a sacred vocal composition). Andrea Gabrieli (Gabrieli, Andrea) and other Venetian composers often wrote ricercari based only on one theme treated extensively in the manner of the later fugue—e.g., by stretto (playing the theme against itself with repeated, closely spaced entrances) and augmentation and diminution (playing the theme in longer or shorter note values). Johann Sebastian Bach, master of the fugue, used the term ricercar for two pieces in The Musical Offering (1747).

      Other instrumental forms of the period, the canzona and fantasia, closely resembled the ricercare, particularly in the use of melodic imitation, and the names were often interchanged.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ricercare — plur. ricercari [ ritʃɛrkare, ritʃɛrkari ] n. m. • 1839; recherche vx 1732; mot it., de ricercare « rechercher » ♦ Hist. mus. Genre de pièce instrumentale libre en style d imitations inauguré par les luthistes italiens à la fin du XVe s. et déve …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ricercare — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El ricercare es un tipo de composición de música instrumental perteneciente al renacimiento tardío, aunque principalmente se usó en los comienzos del barroco. El ricercare está considerado como la composición musical …   Wikipedia Español

  • ricercare — RICERCÁRE s.f. (muz.) Compoziţie instrumentală cu formă liberă în stil de contrapunct. [var. ricercár s.n. / < it. ricercare]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • ricercare — v. tr. [der. di cercare, col pref. ri  ] (io ricérco, tu ricérchi, ecc.). 1. [essere alla ricerca di qualcuno o di qualcosa difficile da trovare: r. un assassino ; r. il bottino ] ▶◀ cercare. ‖ indagare (su), investigare (su). 2. (ant.) [passare… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • ricercare — 1ri·cer·cà·re v.tr. (io ricérco) AD 1. cercare di nuovo qcs. o qcn.: oggi non sono riuscito a trovare quel documento, lo ricercherò domani; anche ass.: cerca e ricerca finalmente trovò il sentiero Sinonimi: cercare. 2a. prendere in esame o in… …   Dizionario italiano

  • Ricercare — Ri|cer|ca|re 〈[ tʃɛr ] n.; s, ri; 16. Jh.〉 Instrumentalstück mit einer Folge von Imitationen, Vorform der Fuge; oV Ricercar [ital., „aufsuchen“] * * * Ri|cer|car [rit̮ʃɛr ka:ɐ̯], das; s, e, Ri|cer|ca|re [… ka:rə], das; [s], …ri [ital. ricercare,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ricercare — Le ricercare ou ricercar est une ancienne forme musicale de la période du haut baroque, basée sur le procédé de l imitation. L équivalent français est recherche utilisé par exemple par l organiste Jehan Titelouze. C est une forme contrapuntique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ricercare — {{hw}}{{ricercare}}{{/hw}}v. tr.  (io ricerco , tu ricerchi ) 1 Tornare a cercare. 2 Cercare con cura e impegno: ricercare un oggetto smarrito | Tentare di scoprire: ricercare la verità …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • ricercare — noun see ricercar …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ricercare — Ri|cer|ca|re 〈[ tʃɛr ] n.; Gen.: s, Pl.: ca|ri; Musik〉 Instrumentalstück im 16. Jh. mit einer Folge von Imitationen, Vorform der Fuge; oV [Etym.: ital., »aufsuchen«] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

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