revue

revue
revuist, n.
/ri vyooh"/, n.
1. a form of theatrical entertainment in which recent events, popular fads, etc., are parodied.
2. any entertainment featuring skits, dances, and songs.
Also, review.
[1870-75; < F: REVIEW]

* * *

Theatrical production of brief, loosely connected, often satirical skits, songs, and dances.

Originally derived from the medieval French street fair, the modern revue dates from the early 19th century with the Parisian Folies Marigny and later at the Folies-Bergère. The English revue developed in two forms: one as the costume display and spectacle of the Court Theatre productions in the 1890s and another as the André Charlot Revues of the 1920s and the London Hippodrome shows, which emphasized clever repartee and topicality. In the U.S. the Ziegfeld Follies began in 1907 and usually featured a star personality. Revues appeared periodically on Broadway and West End stages until competition from movies and television moved the form to small nightclubs and improvisational theatres.

* * *

      light form of theatrical entertainment consisting of unrelated acts (songs, dances, skits, and monologues) that portray and sometimes satirize contemporary persons and events.

      Originally derived from the French street fairs of the Middle Ages, at which events of the year were passed in comic review, French revue in its present form dates from the early 19th century. It was first developed at the Théâtre de la Porte-Saint-Martin in Paris by C.-T. and J.-H. Cogniard with their Folies Marigny; later at the Folies-Bergère and other places of entertainment the revue was the vehicle of such stars as Yvette Guilbert and Maurice Chevalier.

      The English revue developed on one hand into a costume display and spectacle with little topical material, reaching its peak in the Court Theatre productions of the 1890s. On the other hand, the André Charlot Revues of the 1920s, the handsome shows at the London Hippodrome, and especially the performances at Sir Charles Cochran's Ambassadors' Theatre were more intimate and emphasized clever repartee and topicality. Revues of the intimate club type, such as those at the Gate Theatre and the famous Revuedeville of the Windmill Theatre, played an important part in keeping up the morale of Londoners during the German bombings of 1940.

      In the United States, The Passing Show, first produced in New York in 1894, inspired the producer Florenz Ziegfeld in 1907 to initiate the 24 annual Ziegfeld Follies, usually built around a star personality. George White and his annual Scandals put more emphasis on comedians and girls and less on spectacle for its own sake. More modest revues were the Music Box Revues; the Little Shows of Dwight Wiman; The Garrick Gaities; The Chocolate Dandies of Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake; the Depression Pins and Needles of 1937, produced by the International Ladies Garment Workers Union with a cast of union members; Hellzapoppin (1938); and the post-World War II show staged by returning soldiers, Call Me Mister.

      Revues commanded enthusiastic support until the mid-20th century, when the competition of radio, motion pictures, and television consigned the topical wit, sketches, and monologues of revue primarily to small nightclubs and improvisational theatres.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • revue — [ r(ə)vy ] n. f. • 1559; revenue « révision d un partage » 1317; de revoir I ♦ 1 ♦ Examen (d un ensemble matériel ou abstrait) qui est fait en considérant successivement chacun des éléments. ⇒ examen, inventaire. « Je m avisai de faire une revue… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Revue — Sf tänzerisch musikalisches Unterhaltungsstück erw. fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. revue, dem substantivierten PPrät. von frz. revoir wiedersehen , aus l. revidēre wieder hinsehen , zu l. vidēre und re . Die Bedeutung wiedersehen… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Revue — Revue: Das Fremdwort wurde im 17. Jh. in der Bedeutung »Heerschau, Truppenmusterung, Parade« aus gleichbed. frz. revue (eigentlich »das noch einmal Angesehene«) entlehnt. Es wurde dann im allgemeinen Sinne von »Schau, Vorführung, Darbietung;… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • revue — (n.) 1872, show presenting a review of current events, from Fr. revue, from M.Fr., lit. survey (see REVIEW (Cf. review)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Revue — (fr., spr. R wüh), 1) die periodische Untersuchung des Zustandes der Truppen, ob sie vollzählig, gesund u. dienstfähig, gehörig bekleidet u. gerüstet sind, ob ihnen ihre Löhnung, Brod u.a. vorgeschriebene Austheilungen richtig gegeben werden. Sie …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Revue — (franz., spr. röwǖ , »Musterung«), die Besichtigung des felddiensttüchtigen Zustandes der Truppen, verbunden mit Übungen, namentlich durch Friedrich d. Gr. ausgebildet (vgl. Parade). Der jetzt veraltete Ausdruck ist in Deutschland heute nur noch… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Revue — (frz., spr. rĕwüh), Musterung, Heerschau; auch Titel für literar. und kritische Zeitschriften …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Revue — Revue, was review …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Revue — [Basiswortschatz (Rating 1 1500)] Auch: • Show • Schau • Stück Bsp.: • Die Schau hatte schon begonnen …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • revue — ► NOUN ▪ a light theatrical entertainment of short sketches, songs, and dances, typically dealing satirically with topical issues. ORIGIN French, review …   English terms dictionary

  • revue — [ri vyo͞o′] n. [Fr, REVIEW] a type of musical show consisting of loosely connected skits, songs, and dances, often parodying topical matters …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”