/ree'oh vuy"reuhs, ree"oh vuy'-/, n., pl. reoviruses.
any large virus of the family Reoviridae, having double-stranded RNA and a polyhedral capsid, including those causing infantile gastroenteritis.
[1955-60; r(espiratory) e(nteric) o(rphan) virus; coined by U.S. virologist Albert B. Sabin (b. 1906)]

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Any of a small group of animal and plant viruses that appear spheroidal and contain a core of RNA.

Among the best-known genera are Orthoreovirus, Orbivirus, Rotavirus, and Phytoreovirus. The first three infect animals; the last can destroy rice, corn, and other crops.

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▪ virus group
      any of a group of ribonucleic acid (RNA) viruses constituting the family Reoviridae, a small group of animal and plant viruses. The virions of reoviruses (the name is a shortening of respiratory enteric orphan viruses) lack an outer envelope, appear spheroidal, measure about 70 nanometres (nm; 1 nm = 10-9 metre) across, have two icosahedral capsids, and contain a core of segmented, double-stranded RNA. Characteristic features of structure, preferred hosts, and chemistry are the basis for dividing reoviruses into several genera, of which Orthoreovirus, Orbivirus, Rotavirus, and Phytoreovirus are among the best known. Although orthoviruses have been found in the respiratory and enteric tracts of animals, they are not generally pathogenic in adults. Some orbiviruses cause disease in mammals (for example, blue-tongue disease in sheep); rotaviruses have been implicated in infective infantile diarrhea; and phytoreoviruses can destroy rice, corn, and other crops.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • reovirus — 1959, coined by Dr. Albert B. Savin, acronym for respiratory enteric orphan virus; orphan because it was not connected to any of the diseases it is associated with …   Etymology dictionary

  • reovirus — [rē′ō vī΄rəs] n. any of a family (Reoviridae) of RNA viruses, including the rotaviruses, that infect various plants and animals …   English World dictionary

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  • reovirus — noun Etymology: respiratory enteric orphan (i.e., unidentified) virus Date: 1959 any of a family (Reoviridae) of double stranded RNA viruses that have a virion with icosahedral structural symmetry but may appear spherical, that have a capsid with …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • reovirus — noun Any of a group of RNA viruses, of the family Reoviridae, that infect animals and some plants …   Wiktionary

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