rebec

rebec
/ree"bek/, n.
a Renaissance fiddle with a pear-shaped body tapering into a neck that ends in a sickle-shaped or scroll-shaped pegbox.
Also, rebeck.
[1745-55; < MF; r. ME ribibe < OF rebebe Ar rabab REBAB]

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 bowed, stringed musical instrument of European medieval and early Renaissance music. It was originally called a rubebe, developed about the 11th century from the similar Arab rabāb, and was carried to Spain with Muslim culture. Like the rabāb, the rebec had a shallow, pear-shaped body, but on the rebec the rabāb's skin belly was replaced by wood and a fingerboard was added. The rebec was held against the chest or chin or, occasionally, with the bottom of the instrument resting on the seated player's left thigh. The three strings were tuned in fifths (e.g., g–d′–a′).

      The medieval rebec was apparently a treble instrument, but by the late 15th century rebecs were made in sizes from treble to bass. The family of rebecs was superseded by the viols during the 16th century. The treble rebec survived into the 18th century as the kit, the dancing master's fiddle. The lira and its Balkan folk variants, the gusla and gadulka, are closely related to the rebec.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • rebec — rebec …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • REBEC — REBEC, instrument de musique Instrument à cordes et à archet qui fut usité en Europe au Moyen Âge. Le rebec appartient à la famille des vièles et provient très certainement du rab b arabe. Ce dernier instrument, fort répandu dans les pays… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • rebec — REBÉC, rebecuri, s.n. Vechi instrument muzical în formă de lăută cu trei coarde, folosit de menestrelii medievali şi introdus în Europa de arabi. – Din fr. rebec. Trimis de claudia, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  rebéc s. n., pl. rebécuri Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Rebec — nach Michael Praetorius Wirbelkasten eines dreisaitigen Rebec (Nachbau 1981) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rebec — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rebec (homonymie). Rebec Le rebec (mot d origine arabe : رباب rabāb) est un instrum …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rébec — Rebec Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rebec (homonymie). Rebec Le rebec (mot d origine arabe : رباب rabāb) est un instrum …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rebec —   [rə bɛk; arabisch französisch] das, s/ s, Rubeba [lateinisch], ein im 10. Jahrhundert über Spanien und Byzanz (Rabab) nach Mitteleuropa gekommenes Streichinstrument. Seit dem 13./14. Jahrhundert setzte sich ein einheitlicher Typus durch mit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • rebec — (n.) medieval stringed musical instrument, early 15c., from M.Fr. rebec, an unexplained alteration of O.Fr. ribabe (perhaps somehow influenced by bec beak ), ultimately from Arabic rebab (Cf. O.Prov. rebec, It. ribeca). It has three strings and… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Rebec — Re bec (r[=e] b[e^]k), n. [F., fr. It. ribeca, ribeba, fr. Ar. rab[=a]b a musical instrument of a round form.] 1. (Mus.) An instrument formerly used which somewhat resembled the violin, having three strings, and being played with a bow. [Written… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rebec — REBEC. sub. m. Violon. Joüer du rebec. Il est vieux & de peu d usage, si ce n est dans le burlesque …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Rebec — (Rebeca, Ribeca, Rubeba, Ribeba, Rubella, span. Rabé, Rabel; arab. Rebab, Erbeb), altes Streichinstrument, mit 1–2 Saiten bezogen, nach der gewöhnlichen Annahme durch die Araber im 8. Jahrh. nach Spanien gebracht, wahrscheinlich aber letzten… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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