ration

ration
/rash"euhn, ray"sheuhn/, n.
1. a fixed allowance of provisions or food, esp. for soldiers or sailors or for civilians during a shortage: a daily ration of meat and bread.
2. an allotted amount: They finally saved up enough gas rations for the trip.
3. rations,
a. provisions: Enough rations were brought along to feed all the marchers.
b. Chiefly South Atlantic States. food or meals: The old hotel still has the best rations in town.
v.t.
4. to supply, apportion, or distribute as rations (often fol. by out): to ration out food to an army.
5. to supply or provide with rations: to ration an army with food.
6. to restrict the consumption of (a commodity, food, etc.): to ration meat during war.
7. to restrict the consumption of (a consumer): The civilian population was rationed while the war lasted.
[1540-50; < F < L ration- (s. of ratio); see REASON]
Syn. 1, 2. portion, allotment. 1, 3. See food. 4. mete, dole, allot.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Synonyms:
(of food or drink),


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ration — Ration …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • ration — [ rasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1643; « solde de militaire » XIIIe; lat. ratio « compte, évaluation » 1 ♦ Portion journalière (de vivres et de boissons) distribuée à chaque homme, dans l armée. Recevoir, toucher sa ration de pain, de viande, de tabac.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ration — n Ration, allowance, dole, pittance denote the amount of food, supplies, or money allotted to an individual. Ration implies apportionment and, often, equal sharing. Specifically it is applied in military and naval use to the daily supply of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Ration — Sf std. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. ration, dieses aus ml. ratio ( onis) berechneter Anteil , aus l. ratio ( ōnis) Berechnung, Vernunft , zu l. rērī (ratus sum) meinen, glauben, urteilen . Verb: rationieren; Adjektiv: rationell.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Ration — »zugewiesener Anteil, Menge; täglicher Verpflegungssatz (besonders der Soldaten)«: Das seit dem Ende des 17. Jh.s bezeugte, zunächst nur der Heeressprache angehörende Fremdwort ist aus gleichbed. frz. ration entlehnt, das auf mlat. ratio… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • ration — [rash′ən, rā′shən] n. [MFr < ML ratio, ration < L, a reckoning: see REASON] 1. a fixed portion; share; allowance 2. a fixed allowance or allotment of food or provisions, esp. a fixed daily allowance, as for a soldier 3. [pl.] food or food… …   English World dictionary

  • Ration — Ra tion (r[=a] sh[u^]n or r[a^]sh [u^]n), n. [F., fr. L. ratio a reckoning, calculation, relation, reference, LL. ratio ration. See {Ratio}.] 1. A fixed daily allowance of provisions assigned to a soldier in the army, or a sailor in the navy, for …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ration — [n] allotment of limited supply allowance, apportionment, assignment, bit, consignment, cut, distribution, division, dole, drag, food, helping, measure, meed, part, piece of action*, portion, provender, provision, quantum, quota, share, store,… …   New thesaurus

  • Ration — Ra tion, v. t. To supply with rations, as a regiment. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ration — Ration, 1) die einem Dienstpferde reglementmäßig zukommende tägliche Portion Heu u. Hafer. Man hat schwere R n, welche meist im Kriege aus 33/4 Berliner Metzen Hafer, u. leichte R n, welche aus 31/4 Metzen bestehen. Zu jeder gehören 3 Pfund Heu u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ratĭon — (franz.), bestimmter Anteil, besonders militärisch die Menge Futter, die einem Dienstpferde täglich zukommt. Die Kriegsration beträgt im deutschen Heer 6000 g Hafer, 1500 g Heu und 1500 g Futterstroh, die Friedensration wird als große und kleine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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