Qadiriyah

Qadiriyah
/kah'deuh ree"yeuh/, n. Islam.
a Sufi fraternity founded by 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (1077-1166) in the 12th century.
Also, Qadiriya.
[ < Ar qadiriyyah, equiv. to qadir (deriv. of founder's name) + -iyyah abstract n. suffix]

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▪ Ṣūfī order
      probably the oldest of the Muslim mystic (Ṣūfī) orders, founded by the Ḥanbalī theologian Abd al-Qādir al-Jīlānīʿ (1078–1166) in Baghdad. Al-Jīlānī may have intended the few rituals he prescribed to extend only to his small circle of followers, but his sons broadened this community into an order and encouraged its spread into North Africa, Central Asia, and India. The order, which stresses philanthropy, humility, piety, and moderation, is loosely organized, allowing each regional community to develop its own ritual prayers (dhikrs). The main body (the Qādirīyah proper) maintains an orthodox and peaceful Ṣūfī system and is governed by a descendant of al-Jīlānī, who serves as the keeper of his tomb in Baghdad. A smaller group in North Africa, the Jīlālīyah, worships al-Jīlānī as a supernatural being and combines Islāmic mysticism with pre-Islāmic beliefs and practices.

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Universalium. 2010.

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