—purpuric /perr pyoor"ik/, adj./perr"pyoor euh/, n. Pathol.a disease characterized by purple or brownish-red spots on the skin or mucous membranes, caused by the extravasation of blood.[1680-90; < NL, special use of L purpura. See PURPLE]
* * *Presence of hemorrhages in the skin, often associated with bleeding from natural cavities and in tissues.Major causes include damage to small artery walls (as in vitamin deficiency or allergic reaction) and platelet deficiency (in association with such disorders as lupus erythematosus and as a complication of leukemia or chemotherapy).
* * *▪ medical disorderpresence of small hemorrhages in the skin, often associated with bleeding from body cavities and in tissues. It occurs as a result of failure of hemostasis (arrest of bleeding), which may be caused by damage to the wall of small arterial vessels (vascular purpura) in vitamin deficiency ( scurvy), bacterial or viral infections, allergic reactions, or von Willebrand disease. Failure of hemostasis also may occur as a result of deficiency of platelets in association with such disorders as thrombocytopenia, immunothrombocytopenia, lupus erythematosus, thrombasthenia, leukemia, enlarged spleen, or as a complication of chemotherapy. A paradoxical type of bleeding is found when tissue materials (as the consequence of shock, trauma, burns) enter the bloodstream and cause clotting within the vessels. As the patient is depleted of platelets and clotting factors, bleeding may occur. This mechanism is often found behind severe hemorrhage during childbirth, when amniotic fluid leaks into the mother's circulatory system or there is premature tearing of the placenta.
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