/puf"euhr/, n.
1. a person or thing that puffs.
2. Also called blowfish, globefish. any of various fishes of the family Tetraodontidae, capable of inflating the body with water or air until it resembles a globe, the spines in the skin becoming erected: several species contain the potent nerve poison tetrodotoxin.
[1620-30; PUFF + -ER1]

* * *

Any of about 90 species (family Tetraodontidae) of fishes that, when disturbed, inflate themselves into a globular shape with air or water.

Most species occur in warm and temperate seas worldwide; some occur in brackish or fresh water. Puffers have tough, usually prickly, skin; their fused teeth form a beaklike structure, split in the center of each jaw. The largest grow to 3 ft (90 cm) long, but most are considerably smaller. Though they contain a lethal toxin, they are sometimes eaten, especially in Japan, where puffers (called fugu) are prepared by a specially trained chef.

Puffer (Arothron stellatus).

Douglas Faulkner

* * *

also called  swellfish,  or  blowfish,  
  any of about 90 species of fishes of the family Tetraodontidae, noted for their ability when disturbed to inflate themselves so greatly with air or water that they become globular in form. Puffers are found in warm and temperate regions around the world, primarily in the sea but also, in some instances, in brackish or fresh water. They have tough, usually prickly skins and fused teeth that form a beaklike structure with a split in the centre of each jaw. The largest puffers grow about 90 centimetres (3 feet) long but most are considerably smaller.

 Many species are poisonous; (poison) a highly toxic substance, tetraodontoxin, is especially concentrated in the internal organs. Although this substance can cause death, puffers are sometimes used as food. In Japan, where the fishes are called fugu, they must be carefully cleaned and prepared by a specially trained chef.

      Related to the puffers are about 12 species, also capable of inflating themselves, known as the sharp-nosed puffers. These fishes, which comprise the genus Canthigaster and the family Canthigasteridae, are found throughout the world. They are small fishes with rather long, pointed snouts and, unlike the puffers, inconspicuous nostrils. They are brightly coloured and no more than about 20 centimetres long. Like some puffers, they are sometimes kept in marine aquariums.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Puffer — Puffer, teils synonym Buffer (engl., dt. unter anderem Reserve, Dämpfer), teils auch Pufferspeicher, steht für: Knautschzone, Bauteile in der Sicherheitstechnik, die Aufprallenergie durch Deformation absorbieren Geoinformationssystem#Puffer, das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Puffer — may mean:* Inhaler, a medical device used for delivering medication into the body via the lungs * Pufferfish, a type of fish which can inflate itself as a defence mechanism * Clyde puffer, a type of cargo ship used in the Clyde estuary and off… …   Wikipedia

  • Puffer — Puffer, alle federnden, mit Anschlagplatten versehenen Maschinenteile. Bei Eisenbahnfahrzeugen dienen die Puffer zur Abschwächung der Stöße beim Verschieben und während der Fahrt. Für die schweren langen Personenwagen, wie solche zurzeit in… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Puffer — Puff er, n. 1. One who puffs; one who praises with noisy or extravagant commendation. [1913 Webster] 2. One who is employed by the owner or seller of goods sold at suction to bid up the price; a by bidder. Bouvier. [1913 Webster] 3. (Zo[ o]l.)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Puffer [1] — Puffer, 1) Taschenpistol, dessen Lauf nicht über 41 Zoll lang ist; 2) in Niedersachsen ein Pfannenkuchen von rohen geriebenen Kartoffeln u. Eiern in Fett gebacken; 3) Polster vorn u. hinten an den Eisenbahnwaggons, um Erschütterungen u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Puffer [2] — Puffer, Joseph Freiherr von, geb. 11. Mai 1801 in Wien, ist österreichischer Generalmajor in Pension, zeichnete sich in den Feldzügen von 1848 u. 1849 vorzüglich aus, bes. als Commandant des österreichisch serbischen Armeecorps in Ungarn 1849, u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Puffer — (Busser), federnde, mit Anschlagplatten versehene Maschinenteile, die den Stoß eines bewegten Körpers auffangen und unschädlich machen sollen, wie z. B. an Eisenbahnwagen, an Hammerwerken etc. Als federnde Körper dienen Spiral oder… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Puffer — s. Buffer …   Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens

  • puffer — a person who attends an auction on behalf of the seller and tries to put the price up. Restricted by the Sales of Land by Auction Act 1867 and the Sales of Goods Act 1979. See white bonnet. Collins dictionary of law. W. J. Stewart. 2001 …   Law dictionary

  • puffer — [pyfe] v. tr. ÉTYM. 1827; de puff. ❖ ♦ Vx. Vanter de façon outrancière. Au p. p. Vanté, louangé. 0 Je ne doute pas d un grand succès pour les lettres si elles sont un peu puffées par les journaux. Mérimée, Correspondance générale, 1851 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Puffer — Puffer,der:⇨Kartoffelpuffer …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”