Ful·da (fo͝olʹdə)
A city of central Germany south-southeast of Kassel on the Fulda River, about 217 km (135 mi) long. The city grew around a Benedictine abbey founded in 744, which later became one of the foremost centers of culture and learning in Europe. Population: 57,180.

* * *

      city, Hessen Land (state), central Germany. It lies on the Fulda River between the Rhön and Vogelsberg mountains. It developed around a Benedictine abbey founded in 744 by Sturmi, a disciple of St. Boniface. The abbey became a missionary centre, and its school was one of Europe's important seats of learning during the early Middle Ages, after Rabanus Maurus became its director in 803. It employed 12 manuscript copyists, and its great library survived until the 17th century. Fulda was chartered in 1157 and became a prince-abbacy; it was converted to a prince-bishopric when its abbot acquired the rank of bishop in 1752. It was the seat of a university during 1734–1803. The principality was secularized in 1802, passed to Hesse-Kassel in 1815, and annexed by Prussia in 1866.

      Fulda, which commands a strategic location for north-south and east-west routes in Germany, is an important rail junction. It was also an important military centre during the Cold War. Major industries now include banking and financial services. The major manufactures are textiles and clothing.

      Most of Fulda's noteworthy buildings form an integrated Baroque district, including the cathedral (1704–12; with the crypt of St. Boniface); the episcopal palace (1707), now the city hall and a museum; and the Orangery, before which stands the Floravase (1728), carved out of a single piece of stone. The Church of St. Michael dates from about 820, and the Probstei Church at Petersburg (just outside Fulda) is also 9th century. The Frauenberg Franciscan monastery (rebuilt 1760) is to the north of the city. Nearby Adolphseck Castle (1730–50), a former summer residence of the prince-bishops, is now a museum. The Land library contains a number of books from the monastic library. Fulda is the administrative centre for the neighbouring Hessische Rhön Nature Park. Pop. (2003 est.) 63,447.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fulda — • This diocese of the German Empire takes its name from the ancient Benedictine abbey of Fulda Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Fulda     Fulda      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Fulda — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • FULDA — FULDA, city in Hesse, Germany. Jews are first mentioned there in 1235, when 34 martyrs were burned to death following a blood libel . Emperor frederick ii , after inquiries, refuted the charge in his judgment of the case. The martyrs were… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Fulda [1] — Fulda, 1) Fluß in Norddeutschland; entspringt in der bairischen Provinz Unterfranken, in der nordwestlichen Rhön, am Fuß der Kleinen Wasser[785] kuppe, über dem Dorfe Obernhausen, als eine sehr reiche u. eiskalte Qulle aus dem Fuldaer Brunnen;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fulda [3] — Fulda, Kreisstadt im preuß. Regbez. Kassel, an den Staatsbahnlinien Frankfurt a. M. Bebra, Gießen F. u. a., im alten Buchgau (Buchonia) 256 m ü. M., ist freundlich gelegen, aber unregelmäßig gebaut. Unter den öffentlichen Plätzen sind der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fulda — v. d Allemagne (Hesse), sur la Fulda; 54 130 hab. Cath. et chât. baroques. L abbaye bénédictine de Fulda fut fondée en 744 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fulda — Fulda, MN U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 1283 Housing Units (2000): 568 Land area (2000): 0.965882 sq. miles (2.501623 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.073046 sq. miles (0.189189 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.038928 sq. miles (2.690812 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Fulda, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 1283 Housing Units (2000): 568 Land area (2000): 0.965882 sq. miles (2.501623 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.073046 sq. miles (0.189189 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.038928 sq. miles (2.690812 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Fulda [2] — Fulda, Kreisstadt im preuß. Reg. Bez. Cassel, an der Fulda, (1900) 16.900 kath. E., Garnison, Amtsgericht, königl. kath. Gymnasium (älteste Gelehrtenschule Deutschlands), Priester , Lehrerseminar, Schloß, Dom (1700 12), mit Grab des Bonifatius; …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • FULDA — urbs lepida Franconiae, metropolis eius in Germania regionis, quam olim Buchoviam appellarunt, quae inter Thuringiam, Franconiam, Wetteraviam, et Hassiam sita est. A fluv. Fulda praeterlabente nomen accepit. Vulgo Fulden. Abbatia totius Europae… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Fulda — Le nom désigne celui qui est originaire de Fulda, commune allemande de la province de Hesse. Il a souvent été porté par des Juifs askhénazes. Autres formes : Fuld, Fulde. Forme francisée : Fould …   Noms de famille

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”