protectorate

protectorate
/preuh tek"teuhr it/, n.
1. the relation of a strong state toward a weaker state or territory that it protects and partly controls.
2. a state or territory so protected.
3. the office or position, or the term of office, of a protector.
4. the government of a protector.
5. (cap.) Eng. Hist. the period (1653-59) during which Oliver and Richard Cromwell held the title of Lord Protector, sometimes extended to include the period of the restoration of the Rump Parliament (1659-60).
[1685-95; PROTECTOR + -ATE3]

* * *

Relationship in which one country exercises some decisive control over another country or region.

The degree of control may vary from one in which the protecting state guarantees the safety of the other to one that is a disguised form of annexation. Though the relationship is an ancient one, the use of the term dates only from the 19th century. In modern times most protectorates have been established by treaties requiring the weaker state to surrender management of its international relations, thus losing part of its sovereignty.

* * *

▪ English government
      the English government from 1653 to 1659. After the execution of King Charles I, England was declared a commonwealth (1649) under the rule of Parliament. But, after Oliver Cromwell (Cromwell, Oliver) had dissolved the Rump and Barebones parliaments in succession in 1653, he was installed on Dec. 16, 1653, as lord protector of the commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland under the authority of a constitution entitled the Instrument of Government, which had been drawn up by a group of army officers. The Protectorate, as Cromwell's government is now known, was continued after his death on Sept. 3, 1658, by his son Richard, until the latter resigned the office on May 25, 1659, upon which Parliament's resumption of power served merely as a prelude to the Restoration of Charles II.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • protectorate — A form of international guardianship that arises under international law when a weaker state surrenders by treaty the management of some or all of its international affairs to a stronger state. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law …   Law dictionary

  • protectorate — ► NOUN 1) a state that is controlled and protected by another. 2) (Protectorate) historical the position or period of office of a Protector, in particular that of Oliver Cromwell and his son Richard as heads of state in England 1653 9 …   English terms dictionary

  • Protectorate — Pro*tect or*ate, n. [Cf. F. protectorat.] 1. Government by a protector; applied especially to the government of England by Oliver Cromwell. [1913 Webster] 2. The authority assumed by a superior power over an inferior or a dependent one, whereby… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • protectorate — state or territory (usually tribal) placed under the protection of a major power, 1860, from PROTECTOR (Cf. protector) + ATE (Cf. ate) (1) …   Etymology dictionary

  • protectorate — [prə tek′tər it, prōtek′tər it] n. 1. government by a protector 2. the office or term of office of a protector 3. a) the relation of a strong state to a weaker state under its control and protection b) a state or territory so controlled and… …   English World dictionary

  • Protectorate — For the period of time in British history, see The Protectorate. In history, the term protectorate has two different meanings. In its earliest inception, which has been adopted by modern international law, it is an autonomous territory that is… …   Wikipedia

  • Protectorate —    A protectorate was a poorly defined institution or form of governance, suggesting in generic terms a form of international guardianship by a Great Power over a weak state or a territory. The declaration of overseas protectorates by imperial… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Protectorate — Commonwealth d Angleterre, d Écosse et d Irlande Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland1 en 1653 – 1659 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • protectorate — [[t]prəte̱ktərət[/t]] protectorates N COUNT A protectorate is a country that is controlled and protected by a more powerful country. In 1914 the country became a British protectorate …   English dictionary

  • protectorate — UK [prəˈtekt(ə)rət] / US noun [countable] Word forms protectorate : singular protectorate plural protectorates a country that is defended and controlled by a more powerful country …   English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”