/pon"teuhs/, n.
1. an ancient country in NE Asia Minor, bordering on the Black Sea: later a Roman province.
2. Also, Pontos /pon"tos/. the ancient Greek personification of the sea.

* * *

Ancient district, northeastern Anatolia adjoining the Black Sea.

An independent kingdom with its capital at Amasia, it was established in the 4th century BC. It continued expanding its borders until 66 BC, when its last king, Mithradates VI Eupator, was defeated by the Roman general Pompey the Great. It was incorporated into the Roman Empire in 63 BC.

* * *

▪ ancient district, Turkey
      ancient district in northeastern Anatolia adjoining the Black Sea. In the 1st century BC it briefly contested Rome's hegemony in Anatolia. An independent Pontic kingdom with its capital at Amaseia (modern Amasya) was established at the end of the 4th century BC in the wake of Alexander's conquests. Superficially Hellenized, the kingdom retained its Persian social structure, with temple priests and Persianized feudal nobles ruling over a heterogeneous village population. In the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC Pontus gradually asserted itself among the petty Hellenistic states of Anatolia, annexing Sinope (Sinop) (modern Sinop) as its new capital (183 BC). The Pontic kingdom reached its zenith under Mithradates VI Eupator (c. 115–63 BC), whose program of expansion brought him into disastrous conflict with Rome, resulting in the virtual extinction of the Pontic kingdom and its incorporation into the Roman Empire (63–62 BC).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pontus — (Greek: polytonic|Πόντος ) is a region on the southern coast of the Black Sea located in modern day Turkey. Pontos (the main) following the exploration and the colonization of the Anatolian and other Black Sea cities by the Ionian Greeks… …   Wikipedia

  • Pontus — • The ancient name of the northeastern province of Asia Minor, a long and narrow strip of land in the Black Sea, from which the designation was later transferred to the country. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Pontus     Pontus …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pontus — (griechisch Pontos Euxeinos) ist der antike, latinisierte Name des Schwarzen Meeres und der Landschaften an seiner gebirgigen Südküste (Kleinasien, heute Türkei). Im Altgriechischen bedeutet „Pontos“ sowohl Meer als auch Meeresküste, und der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pontus — [pän′təs] [L < Gr Pontos: see PONTIC] ancient kingdom in NE Asia Minor, on the Pontus Euxinus …   English World dictionary

  • Pontus — (grch. Pontos, »Meer«, »Meeresküste«), ursprünglich Kappadozien am P., seit der Diadochenzeit Reich am Schwarzen Meere zwischen Bithynien und Armenien, begründet von Mithridates III. Ktistes (d.i. Gründer), in höchster Blüte unter Mithridates VI …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pontus — (21. Juli), ein Martyrer in Troyes, ist derselbe wie Pionicus. S. S. Julia22 …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Pontus [1] — Pontus, griech. –os, das Meer, in der Mythologie Sohn der Gäa, Vater des Nereus, Phorkys etc. – P. Euxenus, d.h. das gastliche Meer, hieß bei den Griechen das schwarze Meer …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Pontus [2] — Pontus, die Südküste des schwarzen Meeres, besonders der westliche Theil Kappadociens; dieses Land erhielt um 500 v. Chr. Artabazes, ein Sohn des Darius Hystaspis, zur erblichen Satrapie. Seine Nachkommen behaupteten sich im Besitze auch während… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Pontus. — Pontus.     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ecclesiastical Abbreviations     ► Abbreviation used in Apostolic Rescripts     Pontificatus ( Pontificate ) The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pontus — Porté notamment dans le Pas de Calais et le Rhône, rencontré aussi sous la forme Ponthus (01, 42, 69), c est un ancien prénom, sans doute l équivalent de Pons, Ponce …   Noms de famille

  • Pontus — ancient district of Anatolia, from Gk. pontos sea (see PONS (Cf. pons)) …   Etymology dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”