/pol"i keet'/, n.
1. any annelid of the class Polychaeta, having unsegmented swimming appendages with many setae or bristles.
2. Also, polychaetous. belonging or pertaining to the Polychaeta.
[1885-90; < NL Polychaeta < Gk polychaítes having much hair. See POLY-, CHAETA]

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Any of about 5,400 species of marine worms of the annelid class Polychaeta, having a segmented body with many setae (bristles) on each segment.

Species, often brightly coloured, range from less than 1 in. (2.5 cm) to about 10 ft (3 m) long. Most body segments bear two bristly parapodia (lobelike outgrowths). The head has short sensory projections and tentacles. Adults may be free-swimming or sedentary; larvae are free-swimming. Found worldwide, polychaetes are important for turning over sediment on the ocean bottom. One species, the bloodworm, is a popular saltwater fish bait. See also tube worm.

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      any worm of the class Polychaeta (phylum Annelida). About 8,000 living species are known. Polychaetes, which include rag worms, lugworms, bloodworms, sea mice, and others, are marine worms notable for well-defined segmentation of the body. Unique among annelids, most polychaete body segments bear a pair of parapodia (flat, lobelike outgrowths) with setae, or tiny bristles. Polychaetes vary in size from a few millimetres to about 3 m (10 feet) and are divided informally into two groups; the errantia, or free-moving forms, and sedentaria, or tube-dwelling forms.

      The head has short sensory projections (palps) and tentacles. The body is often brightly coloured. The diet consists of minute aquatic plants and animals in some species, while others are purely carnivorous.

      The sexes are usually separate; sperm and eggs are discharged directly into the water, where fertilization occurs. Larvae are ciliated and free-swimming. As in some mollusk species, the early larvae are trochophores. Some polychaete species are hermaphroditic (i.e., the functional reproductive organs of both sexes are present in one individual); other species reproduce by budding, in which a portion of an adult's body breaks away to form a new individual.

      Polychaetes play an important role in turning over bottom sediments in the sea. The palolo worm (q.v.) is used as human food in areas of the South Pacific where it swarms in great abundance at breeding time. Other species are used by humans as bait for fishing.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • polychaete — [ pɒlɪki:t] noun Zoology a marine worm of the order Polychaeta; a bristle worm. Origin from mod. L. Polychaeta, from Gk polu many + khaitē mane …   English new terms dictionary

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  • polychaete — pol•y•chaete [[t]ˈpɒl ɪˌkit[/t]] n. 1) ivt any of various marine annelid worms of the class Polychaeta, having regularly paired body bristles and often other appendages 2) ivt Also, pol y•chae′tous. belonging or pertaining to the Polychaeta •… …   From formal English to slang

  • polychaete — /ˈpɒlikit/ (say poleekeet) noun 1. any of the Polychaeta, a group or division of annelids having unsegmented swimming appendages (parapodia) with many chaetae or bristles, and including most of the common marine worms. –adjective Also,… …  

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