Plovdiv

Plovdiv
/plawv"dif/, n.
a city in S Bulgaria, on the Maritsa River. 309,242. Greek, Philippopolis.

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City (pop., 2001: 340,638), south-central Bulgaria.

It is situated on the Maritsa River, north of the Rhodope Mountains. In 341 BC it fell to Philip II and was renamed Philippopolis. From AD 46 it was called Trimontium and was the capital of the Roman province of Thrace. It changed hands repeatedly during the Middle Ages until 1364, when it was captured by the Turks. After the Russo-Turkish Wars (1877–78), it became the capital of Turkish Eastern Rumelia, which united with Bulgaria in 1885. It officially assumed its present name after World War I. It is a major railroad junction and a food-processing centre with diversified industries.

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      second largest city of Bulgaria, situated in the south-central part of the country. It lies along the Maritsa River and is situated amid six hills that rise from the Thracian Plain to a height of 400 feet (120 metres). Called Pulpudeva in Thracian times, it was renamed Philippopolis in 341 BC after its conquest by Philip II of Macedonia. From AD 46 it was called Trimontium and was the capital of the Roman province of Thrace. Plovdiv repeatedly changed hands during the Middle Ages until 1364, when it was taken by the Turks, who called it Philibé. After the Russo-Turkish War (1877–78), it became capital of Turkish Eastern Rumelia, which united with Bulgaria in 1885. It officially assumed its present name after World War I.

      In the old Trimontium quarter of the city, parts of the Roman walls remain. The medieval ruins of Tsar Ivan Asen II's fortress and Bachkovo monastery are nearby. Cultural institutions include a museum housing a collection of Thracian gold vessels.

      The city, a junction on the Belgrade–Sofia–Istanbul rail line, is a food-processing centre with diversified industries, including the manufacture of nonferrous metals, machinery parts, textiles, carpets, and fertilizers. The city is the chief market of a fertile region that produces tobacco, rice, vegetables, and fruit. An international trade fair is held biennially.

      Plovdiv has long been praised for the tolerance of its diverse ethnic and religious population. In 1999 the city was host to regional peacekeeping forces established by the joint initiative of Balkan countries. Pop. (2004 est.) 341,464.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Plovdiv — Пловдив Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • PLOVDIV — Longtemps la plus peuplée des villes bulgares, cet important carrefour fut une active place de commerce dans les plaines riches de la Maritsa et sur la route entre Istanbul et l’Adriatique. Devenue un grand foyer d’industries de transformation,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Plovdiv — (en búlgaro, Пловдив, del griego Philippopolis, Φιλιππούπολις ) es una ciudad de Bulgaria y la capital de la región Plovdic. Con una población de 376.785 (2004) es la segunda ciudad del país, después de la capital, Sofía. Está situada en las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Plovdiv — [plō̂v′dif] city in SC Bulgaria: pop. 379,000 …   English World dictionary

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  • Plovdiv — Original name in latin Plovdiv Name in other language Eumolpias, Filiba, Filibe, Filipopol, Filipopul, Filippopol, Filippopol , Filippopoli, Flavia, Julia, PDV, Philippopel, Philippopoli, Philippopolis, Philippoupole, Pinople, Plodin, Ploudin,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Plovdiv — Filippopoli (old Italian), Philippolis (Roman Latin), Philipúpoli Φιλιππούπολη (Greek), Plovdiv (Azeri, Bulgarian, Dutch, Finnish, Romanian, Serbian, Portuguese), Plowdiw (German), Płowdiw (Polish), Pulpudeva (Thracian, former name), Evmolpias… …   Names of cities in different languages

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