plain weave

plain weave
the most common and tightest of basic weave structures in which the filling threads pass over and under successive warp threads and repeat the same pattern with alternate threads in the following row, producing a checkered surface. Cf. satin weave, twill weave.

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also called  Tabby Weave,  

      simplest and most common of the three basic textile weaves. It is made by passing each filling yarn over and under each warp yarn, with each row alternating, producing a high number of intersections. Plain-weave fabrics that are not printed or given a surface finish have no right or wrong side. They do not ravel easily but tend to wrinkle and have less absorbency than other weaves.

      The visual effect of plain weave may be varied by combining yarns of different origins, thickness, texture, twist, or colour. Fabrics range in weight from sheer to heavy and include such types as organdy, muslin, taffeta, shantung, canvas, and tweed. Variations of the plain weave include the rib weave, with either warp or filling yarns heavier, as in dimity and bengaline, and the basket weave, in which two or more filling yarns, or a single heavier yarn, pass alternately over and under two or more warp yarns, as in oxford shirting and monk's cloth.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Plain weave — Plain or tabby weave is the most basic of the three fundamental types of textile weaves. [Kadolph, Sara J., ed.: Textiles , 10th edition, Prentice Hall, 2007, p. 225 229] It is strong and hard wearing, used for fashion and furnishing fabrics. In… …   Wikipedia

  • plain weave — noun a basic style of weave in which the weft and warp threads intertwine alternately to produce a checkerboard effect • Syn: ↑taffeta weave • Hypernyms: ↑weave * * * noun Etymology: plain (IV) …   Useful english dictionary

  • plain weave — noun Date: 1888 a weave in which the threads interlace alternately …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • plain weave — noun a style of weave in which the weft alternates over and under the warp …   English new terms dictionary

  • plain weave — /pleɪn ˈwiv/ (say playn weev) noun a pattern of weaving in which the warp and weft form a simple crisscross pattern, the weft going over one warp thread and then under the next …  

  • plain-woven — plain wo·ven (plānʹwōʹvən) adj. Made in plain weave. * * * …   Universalium

  • plain-wo|ven — «PLAYN WOH vuhn», adjective. woven with a plain weave, without twill, figure, or the like …   Useful english dictionary

  • weave — I. [c]/wiv / (say weev) verb (wove or weaved, woven or weaved, weaving) –verb (t) 1. to interlace (threads, yarns, strips, fibrous material, etc.) so as to form a fabric or texture. 2. to form by interlacing threads, yarns, strands, or strips of… …  

  • plain-woven — adjective Date: 1879 made in plain weave …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • plain-woven — adjective (of cloth) made in plain weave • Similar to: ↑woven …   Useful english dictionary

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