/pyah chen"tsah/, n.
a city in N Italy, on the Po River. 109,302. Ancient, Placentia.

* * *


      city, Emilia-Romagna regione of northern Italy, on the south bank of the Po River just below the mouth of the Trebbia, southeast of Milan. It was founded as the Roman colony of Placentia in 218 BC. After being besieged unsuccessfully by the Carthaginian general Hasdrubal in 207 BC and sacked by the Gauls in 200, it was restored and reinforced. In 187 BC it became the terminus of the Via Aemilia, the great arterial road to Ariminum (Rimini), and was later the focus of other major Roman roads. After the barbarian invasions, Piacenza was governed by its bishops from 997 to 1035. It became a free commune in the 12th century and a leading member of the Lombard League of towns in opposition to the emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. Despite political vicissitudes, it prospered from its control of river and road traffic. A long period of struggle between the Visconti and Sforza families, alternating with papal and French rule, was ended in 1545 by the creation by Pope Paul III of the hereditary duchy of Parma and Piacenza for his son Pier Luigi Farnese. For the subsequent history of Piacenza, see Parma and Piacenza, Duchy of.

      No Roman monuments survive, but the rectangular street plan in the centre of the city is Roman. The brick cathedral (1122–1253) is a fine example of Lombard Romanesque style. Other noteworthy medieval churches are the former Cathedral of San Antonino, incorporating an 11th-century facade and elements of the 13th- and 14th-century construction; the restored San Savino (consecrated 1107), with unusual 12th-century floor mosaics; San Francesco (begun 1278); San Sisto (1499–1511), the original home of Raphael's painting “Sistine Madonna”; and Santa Maria di Campagna (1522–28), with frescoes by Pordenone. Notable palaces include the Palazzo Comunale (begun 1281) and the grandiose Palazzo Farnese, begun in 1558 for Margaret of Austria and never completed.

      Piacenza is a rail and road centre on the main routes from Milan to Bologna. It is a long-established centre for cereal growing and viticulture and has a number of rapidly developing light industries, including the manufacture of chemicals, office furniture, and buttons. Pop. (2006 est.) mun., 99,340.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Piacenza — • Diocese in central Italy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Piacenza     Piacenza     † C …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Piacenza — Piacenza …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Piacenza —   [pia tʃɛntsa],    1) Hauptstadt der Provinz Piacenza, in der Emilia Romagna, Italien, 61 m über dem Meeresspiegel nahe dem rechten Ufer des mittleren Po, 101 100 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; Kunstakademie, Fachschulen, Museen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • PIACENZA — PIACENZA, city in northern Italy, formerly in the duchy of parma . Jewish moneylenders lived there in the 15th century and were attacked by the friars who condemned usury in their sermons. When monti di pietà were established here and in Parma in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Piacenza [2] — Piacenza, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben) und wichtige Festung, 61 m ü. M., nahe am rechten Ufer des Po, unterhalb der Mündung der Trebbia, an den Eisenbahnen Parma Alessandria, Mailand Rom und den Dampfstraßenbahnen P.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Piacenza [1] — Piacenza (spr. Piatschennsa), 1) ehemaliges Herzogthum in Oberitalien, vom Po u. den Apenninen begrenzt, reich an italienischen Producten, war mit Parma (s.d.) vereinigt u. bildete einen District von 31 Gemeinden mit 29,36 QM. u. (1857) 141,778… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Piacenza [2] — Piacenza (spr. Platschenusa), 1) Herzog von P., s. Lebrun 4) u. 8). 2) Fürst von P., seit 1851 Titel des Erbprinzen Robert von Parma (1854–1859 Herzog) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Piacenza [1] — Piacenza (spr. pjatschénza), ital. Provinz mit gleichnamiger Hauptstadt in der Emilia, wird von den Provinzen Cremona, Mailand, Pavia, Genua und Parma begrenzt, umfaßt 2471 qkm (44,9 QM.) mit (1901) 245,126 Einw. (99 auf 1 qkm) und zerfällt in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Piacenza [3] — Piacenza, Herzog von, s. Lebrun 3) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Piacenza — (spr. pĭatschén ), das alte Placentia, befestigte Hauptstadt der oberital. Prov. P. (2471 qkm, 1905: 249.168 E.; Emilia), am Po, (1901) 36.064 E., lombard. roman. Dom (13. Jahrh.), Piazza de Cavalli (Reiterstandbilder der Herzöge Alessandro und… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Piacenza [2] — Piacenza (spr. pĭatschén ), Herzog von, s. Lebrun, Charles François …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”