phytoplankton

phytoplankton
/fuy'teuh plangk"teuhn/, n.
the aggregate of plants and plantlike organisms in plankton. Cf. zooplankton.
[1895-1900; PHYTO- + PLANKTON]

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Flora of freely floating, often minute organisms that drift with water currents.

Like land vegetation, phytoplankton uses carbon dioxide, releases oxygen, and converts minerals to a form animals can use. In fresh water, large numbers of green algae often colour lakes and ponds, and cyanobacteria may affect the taste of drinking water. Oceanic phytoplankton is the primary food source, directly or indirectly, of all sea organisms. Composed of groups with silica-containing skeletons, such as diatoms and dinoflagellates, phytoplankton varies seasonally in amount, increasing in spring and fall with favourable light, temperature, and minerals.

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 a flora of freely floating, often minute organisms that drift with water currents. Like land vegetation, phytoplankton uses carbon dioxide, releases oxygen, and converts minerals to a form animals can use. In fresh water, large numbers of green algae often colour lakes and ponds, and cyanobacteria may affect the taste of drinking water.

      Oceanic phytoplankton is the primary food source, directly or indirectly, of nearly all sea organisms. Composed of groups with siliceous skeletons, such as diatoms, dinoflagellates, and coccolithophores, phytoplankton varies seasonally in amount, increasing in spring and fall with favourable light, temperature, and minerals.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phytoplankton — are the autotrophic component of the plankton community. The name comes from the Greek words phyton , or plant , and πλαγκτος ( planktos ), meaning wanderer or drifter . [cite book last = Thurman first = H. V. year = 1997 title = Introductory… …   Wikipedia

  • Phytoplankton — Der Begriff Phytoplankton (altgriechisch φυτόν phytón „Pflanze“; altgriechisch πλαγκτόν planktón; wörtlich: „Pflanzen Plankton“) bezeichnet photoautotrophes Plankton, vor allem bestehend aus Kieselalgen (Bacillariophyta), Grünalgen,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Phytoplankton — ⇒ Plankton …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • phytoplankton — 1897, from PHYTO (Cf. phyto ) + PLANKTON (Cf. plankton) …   Etymology dictionary

  • phytoplankton — ► NOUN Biology ▪ plankton consisting of microscopic plants. ORIGIN from Greek phuton a plant …   English terms dictionary

  • phytoplankton — [fīt΄ō plaŋk′tən] n. [ PHYTO + PLANKTON] plankton consisting of plants, as algae phytoplanktonic [fīt΄ə plaŋk′tän′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Phytoplankton — fitoplanktonas statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Vandenyje skendinčių augalinių organizmų (žaliadumblių, titnagdumblių ir kt.) visuma. Tai deguonies ir organinių medžiagų šaltinis kitiems vandens organizmams. atitikmenys: angl …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • phytoplankton — fitoplanktonas statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Vandenyje skendinčių augalinių organizmų (žaliadumblių, titnagdumblių ir kt.) visuma. Tai deguonies ir organinių medžiagų šaltinis kitiems vandens organizmams. atitikmenys: angl …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • phytoplankton bloom — noun A large, temporary colony of phytoplankton floating in the sea; they are important in removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere …   Wiktionary

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