phytol

phytol
/fuy"tawl, -tol/, n. Biochem.
a hydrophobic alcohol, C20H40O, that occurs esterified as a side chain in the chlorophyll molecule.
[ < G (1907); see PHYTO-, -OL]

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      an organic compound used in the manufacture of synthetic vitamins E and K1. Phytol was first obtained by hydrolysis (decomposition by water) of chlorophyll in 1909 by the German chemist Richard Wilstätter. Its structure was determined in 1928 by the German chemist F.G. Fischer. Phytol may be obtained in the process of separating chlorophyll from alfalfa.

      Conversion of phytol to α-tocopherol (vitamin E), the most potent of the E vitamins essential for reproduction in rats, was reported from three laboratories in 1938 and has been applied in commercial manufacture. A synthesis of vitamin K1 from phytol was developed in 1939.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phytol — Général Nom IUPAC (2E,7R,11R) 3,7,11,15 tetramethyl 2 hexadecen 1 ol No CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • phytol — ● phytol nom masculin Alcool diterpénique, C20H40O, qui se rencontre sous forme combinée dans les chlorophylles, la vitamine E (tocophérol) et la vitamine K1 (phylloquinone) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Phytol — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Phytol Andere Namen (2E …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Phytol — Chembox new Name = Phytol ImageFile = Phytol.png ImageName = Phytol IUPACName = (2E,7R,11R) 3,7,11,15 tetramethyl 2 hexadecen 1 ol Section1 = Chembox Identifiers CASNo = 7541 49 3 SMILES = CC(C)CCC [C@@H] (C)CCC [C@@H] (C)CCCC(C)=CCO Section2 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Phytol — Phy|tol [↑ phyt u. ↑ ol (1)], das; s; Syn.: 3,7,11,15 Tetramethylhexadec 2 en 1 ol: farbloser öliger Diterpenalkohol, der in veresterter Form als Bestandteil der Chlorophylle u. Phäophytine in allen grünen Pflanzen vorkommt. Vgl. Phytyl . * * *… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • phytol — fitolis statusas T sritis chemija formulė (CH₃)₂CH[(CH₂)₃CH(CH₃)]₂(CH₂)₃C(CH₃)==CHCH₂OH atitikmenys: angl. phytol rus. фитол ryšiai: sinonimas – (E) (7R,11R) 3,7,11,15 tetrametil 2 heksadecen 1 olis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • phytol — A chemical substance that comes from plants and is used to make vitamins E and K. Phytol is also found in soaps, beauty care products, and household products …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • phytol — Long chain fatty alcohol (C20) forming part of chlorophyll, attached to the protoporphyrin ring by an ester linkage …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • phytol — noun The diterpenoid alcohol (2E,7R,11R) 3,7,11,15 tetramethyl 2 hexadecen 1 ol derived from chlorophyll …   Wiktionary

  • phytol — An unsaturated primary alcohol derived from the hydrolysis of chlorophyll; a constituent of vitamins E and K1. SYN: phytyl alcohol. * * * phy·tol fī .tȯl, .tōl n an oily aliphatic primary alcohol C20H39OH obtained by hydrolysis of chlorophyll… …   Medical dictionary

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