/fi nish"euhn, -nee"sheuhn/, n.
1. a native or inhabitant of Phoenicia.
2. the extinct Semitic language of the Phoenicians.
3. of or pertaining to Phoenicia, its people, or their language.
4. noting or pertaining to the script used for the writing of Phoenician from the 11th century B.C. or earlier and from which were derived the Greek, Roman, and all other Western alphabets.
[1350-1400; ME; see PHOENICIA, -AN]

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One of a people of ancient Phoenicia.

They were merchants, traders, and colonizers who probably arrived from the Persian Gulf с 3000 BC. By the 2nd millennium BC they had colonies in the Levant, North Africa, Anatolia, and Cyprus. They traded wood, cloth, dyes, embroideries, wine, and decorative objects; ivory and wood carving became their specialties, and the work of Phoenician goldsmiths and metalsmiths was well known. Their alphabet became the basis of the Greek alphabet.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Phoenician — [fə nish′ən, finē′shən] adj. of Phoenicia or its people, language, or culture n. 1. a person born or living in ancient Phoenicia 2. the extinct Semitic language of the Phoenicians, closely related to Hebrew …   English World dictionary

  • Phoenician — noun Date: 14th century 1. a native or inhabitant of ancient Phoenicia 2. the Semitic language of ancient Phoenicia • Phoenician adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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  • Phoenician — /fəˈniʃən/ (say fuh neeshuhn) noun 1. a native or inhabitant of Phoenicia. 2. the extinct Semitic language of the Phoenicians. –adjective 3. of or relating to Phoenicia. {Middle English Phenicien, from Old French, from Latin Phoenīcius, from… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Phoenician — 1. adjective /fəˈniːʃən/ Of, from, or related to the country or civilisation of Phoenicia. 2. noun /fəˈniːʃən/ a) The Semitic language spoken by the inhabitants of Phoenicia. Locals also moan that Phoenicians are becoming more antisocial …   Wiktionary

  • Phoenician — ISO 639 3 Code : phn ISO 639 2/B Code : phn ISO 639 2/T Code : phn ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Ancient …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Phoenician — [fə nɪʃ(ə)n, ni: ] noun 1》 a member of an ancient Semitic people inhabiting Phoenicia in the eastern Mediterranean. 2》 the Semitic language of the Phoenicians. adjective relating to Phoenicia or its language …   English new terms dictionary

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