philological /fil'euh loj"i keuhl/, philologic, adj.philologically, adv.philologist, philologer, n.
/fi lol"euh jee/, n.
1. the study of literary texts and of written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning.
2. (esp. in older use) linguistics, esp. historical and comparative linguistics.
3. Obs. the love of learning and literature.
[1350-1400; ME philologie < L philologia < Gk philología love of learning and literature, equiv. to philólog(os) literary, studious, argumentative + -ia -Y3. See PHILO-, -LOGY]

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      a term now rarely used but once applied to the study of language and literature. Nowadays a distinction is usually made between literary and linguistic scholarship, and the term philology, where used, means the study of language—i.e., linguistics (q.v.). It survives in the titles of a few learned journals that date to the 19th century. Comparative philology was a former name for what is now called comparative linguistics (q.v.).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Philology — Phi*lol o*gy, n. [L. philologia love of learning, interpretation, philology, Gr. ?: cf. F. philologie. See {Philologer}.] 1. Criticism; grammatical learning. [R.] Johnson. [1913 Webster] 2. The study of language, especially in a philosophical… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • philology — (n.) late 14c., love of learning, from O.Fr. philologie, from L. philologia love of learning, love of letters, from Gk. philologia love of discussion, learning, and literature, from philo loving + logos word, speech. Meaning science of language… …   Etymology dictionary

  • philology — ► NOUN 1) the study of the structure, historical development, and relationships of a language or languages. 2) chiefly N. Amer. literary or classical scholarship. DERIVATIVES philological adjective philologist noun. ORIGIN originally in the sense …   English terms dictionary

  • philology — [fi läl′ə jē] n. [Fr philologie < L philologia, love of learning < Gr, love of literature < philein, to love + logos, word: see LOGIC] 1. Obs. the love of learning and literature; study; scholarship 2. former term for LINGUISTICS 3. the… …   English World dictionary

  • Philology — See comparative linguistics for the narrower field of comparative philology . Philology, derived from the Greek gr. φιλολογία ( philologia [ [ bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%23111282… …   Wikipedia

  • philology — Статья 1. см. языковедение (языковедение, языкознание, лингвистика | linguistique | Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik | philology, linguistics | linguìstica) Статья 2. см. филология (филология | philologie | Philologie | philology | filologìa) …   Пятиязычный словарь лингвистических терминов

  • philology — /fəˈlɒlədʒi / (say fuh loluhjee) noun 1. the systematic study of written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning. 2. the systematic study of literary texts and written… …  

  • philology — [[t]fɪlɒ̱ləʤi[/t]] N UNCOUNT Philology is the study of words, especially the history and development of the words in a particular language or group of languages. Derived words: philologist plural N COUNT He is a philologist, specialising in… …   English dictionary

  • philology — noun Etymology: French philologie, from Latin philologia love of learning and literature, from Greek, from philologos fond of learning and literature, from phil + logos word, speech more at legend Date: 1612 1. the study of literature and of… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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