Paterson

Paterson
/pat"euhr seuhn/, n.
a city in NE New Jersey. 138,620.

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City (pop., 2000: 149,222), northeastern New Jersey, U.S. It is located on the Passaic River, north of Newark, N.J. It was founded in 1791 as an industrial settlement by advocates of U.S. industrial independence from Europe.

The successful enterprise, begun by Alexander Hamilton, was known as the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures. In the 19th century it was a centre of cotton textile production, the silk industry, and locomotive manufacturing. It received a city charter in 1851 and was the scene of many labour disputes. By the 20th century its industries were widely diversified.

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 city, seat (1837) of Passaic county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S., situated on the Passaic River, 11 miles (18 km) northwest of New York City. It was founded after the American Revolution by advocates of American industrial independence from Europe (including the statesman Alexander Hamilton (Hamilton, Alexander)) who saw the Great Falls of the Passaic, which drop 70 feet (21 metres), as the best potential industrial site on the Atlantic Seaboard. Paterson was one of the first planned industrial cities in the United States. The enterprise was chartered by the New Jersey legislature in 1791 as the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures (SUM); the city was named for Governor William Paterson (Paterson, William), one of the framers of the U.S. Constitution.

      A successful enterprise, SUM ultimately sold waterpower and building space to private manufacturers. The earliest industries were cotton mills (1794), and in 1828 Paterson mechanics joined mill workers in the first recorded sympathy strike in the United States. Samuel Colt (Colt, Samuel) produced his first revolvers at the Old Gun Mill (preserved) in 1836. By 1837, when the locomotive industry was established, machine manufacturing had become important. Paterson was producing four-fifths of all locomotives made in the United States by the early 1880s. The silk industry was introduced in 1838, which led to it being named “silk city”; linen thread manufacture began in 1864. By the 1880s Paterson was home to more than one-third of all silk factories in the United States. The city was the scene of many labour disputes, but by the mid-20th century it had become a centre of widely diversified industrial activity. Modern manufactures include textiles, machinery, machine tools, plastics, leather goods, cosmetics, packaging, and chemicals.

      The William Paterson College of New Jersey—which was established in 1855 as a normal (teacher-training) school—is located at nearby Wayne. Paterson Museum is known for its collection of New Jersey rocks and Native American relics. Two of the first successful submarines, the Holland I and the Holland II, or Fenian Ram, which were built by John P. Holland (Holland, John Philip) and sunk in the Passaic in 1878 and 1881, respectively, were later recovered; they are now on exhibit at the Paterson Museum. Lambert Castle (1891) in the Garret Mountain Reservation houses the Passaic County Historical Society Museum. In 1970 the Great Falls area was designated a national historic site. William Carlos Williams (Williams, William Carlos) wrote a five-volume poem (1946–58) called Paterson; it focuses on the city and on the Passaic River. Inc. 1851. Pop. (1990) 140,891; (2000) 149,222.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paterson — steht für: Paterson (New Jersey), Stadt in den USA Paterson (Gedichtzyklus), eines Werk des William Carlos Williams Paterson (Handelskette), eine Supermarktkette in Russland Paterson (Auto), eine ehemalige Automobilfirma in den USA, 1908 1922 den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PATERSON — PATERSON, city in N.E. New Jersey. Jews first settled in Paterson in the early 1840s. In 1904 there were 1,250 Jews in the city, and the Jewish population increased to about 35,000 in the late 1940s. However, by 1960 the number declined to 15,000 …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Paterson — Paterson, NJ U.S. city in New Jersey Population (2000): 149222 Housing Units (2000): 47169 Land area (2000): 8.442373 sq. miles (21.865645 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.291497 sq. miles (0.754974 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.733870 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Paterson, NJ — U.S. city in New Jersey Population (2000): 149222 Housing Units (2000): 47169 Land area (2000): 8.442373 sq. miles (21.865645 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.291497 sq. miles (0.754974 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.733870 sq. miles (22.620619 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Paterson F.C. — Paterson F.C. (also sometimes known as the Dovers) was an American soccer club based in Paterson, New Jersey was a member of the professional American Soccer League.The club was previously known as the Trenton Highlanders.Year by year …   Wikipedia

  • Paterson [1] — Paterson, Hauptstadt der Grafschaft Passaic im Staate New Jersey (Nordamerika), am Passaic River, dem Morris Kanal (welcher P. mit dem Delaware River u. dem Atlantischen Ocean verbindet) u. der Paterson Ramope Bahn (welche P. mit New York City… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Paterson — [pat′ər sən] [after Wm. Paterson (1745 1806), state governor] city in NE N.J., on the Passaic River: pop. 149,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Paterson [2] — Paterson, 1) William, geb. 1655 in Schottland, erlernte die Kaufmannschaft u. schwang sich bis zum finanziellen Rathgeber des Königs Wilhelm. III. auf, gründete 1694 die Bank von England, die Hampstead Waterwork Company u. rief die berühmte, wenn …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Paterson [1] — Paterson (spr. pätterß n), Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen Grafschaft des nordamerikan. Staates New Jersey, am Passaicfluß, unmittelbar unterhalb seines 15 m hohen Falles, der ausgiebige Wasserkraft bietet, am Morriskanal und an zahlreichen Bahnen,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Paterson [2] — Paterson (spr. pätterß n), William, engl. Geschäfts und Staatsmann, geb. 1665 zu Skipmyre in Schottland, gest. 22. Jan. 1719, erlernte die Kaufmannschaft und schwang sich, nachdem er sich viel in der Welt umgesehen hatte, in London zum… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Paterson — (spr. pätters n), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Neujersey, am Passaic, (1903) 113.217 E.; Seidenindustrie …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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