/pah lah"wahn/, n.
an island in the W Philippines. 232,322; 5697 sq. mi. (14,755 sq. km).

* * *

Island (pop., 2000: 713,539), southwestern Philippines.

It is long and narrow and extends northeast to southwest between the South China Sea and the Sulu Sea. It has a mountainous backbone that runs its entire length, with the highest peak at Mount Mantalingajan (6,839 ft [2,085 m]). The capital is Puerto Princesa. The similarity of Palawan's vegetation with that of Borneo is explained by remnants of a Pleistocene Epoch land bridge that connected the two islands. A coastal plain supports most of the population and is the main agricultural area of Palawan. Scattered settlement and shifting agriculture predominate, with rice as the main food crop. Oil drilling off the northern coast began in 1992.

* * *

      island, the southwesternmost large island of the Philippines. Palawan is long and narrow and trends northeast-southwest between the South China and Sulu seas. It has a maximum width of 24 miles (39 km) and a mountainous backbone that runs its entire 270-mile (434-km) length, with Mount Mantalingajan (6,840 feet [2,085 m]) in the south as its highest peak. The Balabac-Bugsuk group of islands off the southern tip is a remnant of a land bridge that connected Palawan and Borneo during the Pleistocene Epoch (about 1,800,000 to 12,000 years ago); for this reason the animal life and vegetation are more closely related to those of Borneo than to those of the other Philippine islands. Palawan's long, irregular coastline is fringed with coral reefs and has numerous offshore islets. A discontinuous coastal plain that seldom extends more than 5 miles (8 km) inland supports most of the island's population. The plain, which is best developed on the southeastern coast, constitutes the main agricultural area and has the island's only all-weather road.

      About 1,800 smaller islands and islets lie near Palawan; the main island groups are the Calamian (north), the Dumaran-Cuyo (northeast), and the Balabac-Bugsuk (south). Puerto Princesa, on the east-central coast of Palawan island, is the island's largest city.

      Scattered settlement and shifting agriculture predominate, with rice as the main food crop. Corn (maize), coconuts, beans, and sweet potatoes are also grown. Large-scale commercial fishing operations are carried out at Puerto Princesa and Taytay. Mineral resources include mercury, silica, and chromite. Oil drilling off the island's northern coast began in 1992. Most of the island is the forest homeland of the Batah, Palawan, and Tagbanuas ethnic groups. Christian migrants (Visayans, Tagalogs, Ilocanos, and Bicolanos) have settled in the north and east. There are some Moro (Muslim) villages in the south. The Tabon Caves on the isolated southwestern coast of Palawan are an important archaeological site. Area 4,550 square miles (11,785 square km). Pop. (2000) 755,412.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Palawan — in der philippinischen Inselwelt Palawan ist eine Insel im Westen der Philippinen und deren drittgrößte Inselgruppe. Die Inselgruppe bildet eine eigene philippinische Provinz. Die Hauptstadt Puerto Princesa liegt etwa in der Mitte der Südküste an …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palawan — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Provincia de Palawan …   Wikipedia Español

  • Palawan — Géographie Pays  Philippines Localisation Philippines Coordonnées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Palawan — • Prefecture Apostolic in the Philippine Islands; comprises Palawan, Cuyo, Culion, Twahig, and Calamines Islands. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Palawan     Palawan      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • PALAWAN — ou PALAUA Cinquième île des Philippines par sa superficie (11 785 km2), Palawan est située dans l’ouest de l’archipel. Sur cette île longue et étroite, l’axe montagneux est seulement interrompu par un ensellement, à la latitude de Puerto Princesa …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Palawan — (Paláuan, Paragua), zu den Philippinen gehörige Insel, 445 km lang, bis 44 km breit und (nebst Dúmaran) 14,584 qkm, mit den umliegenden Inseln (Busuanga, den Calamianen, Balabac) 16,544 qkm groß, an den Küsten eben, im Innern gebirgig… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Palawan — Palawan, Insel, s. Palauan …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Palawan — [pä lä′wän] island in the W Philippines, southwest of Mindoro: 4,550 sq mi (11,784 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Palawan — Infobox Philippine province name = Palawan sealfile = Ph seal palawan.png region = MIMAROPA (Region IV B) (in transitioncite web url= no429.htm title=Executive Order No. 429 date=May 23, 2005 author=President of… …   Wikipedia

  • palawan — pəˈläwən noun (plural palawan or palawans) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Native name in Palawan 1. a. : a people of southern Palawan, Philippines b …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”