/oh'veuhr uy"seuhl/, n.
a province in the E Netherlands. 985,569. Cap.: Zwolle.

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province, The Netherlands
      provincie (province), northeastern Netherlands, extending northward “beyond the IJssel,” a distributary of the Rhine, from the provinces of Gelderland to Drenthe and Friesland and lying between Germany (east) and Flevoland Province (west). Drained by the IJssel, Vecht, Zwarte Water, and Regge rivers and the Twente, Overijssel, and numerous smaller canals, it occupies an area of 1,289 square miles (3,339 square km). Its capital is Zwolle. First known as the lordship of Oversticht, a part of the secular domain of the bishops of Utrecht, it was sold to Charles V in 1527 and was incorporated in the Dutch dominions of the Habsburgs. Overijssel was one of the seven original United Provinces of the Netherlands. In medieval times its Hanseatic towns—Kampen, Deventer, and Zwolle—were among the most important in the Netherlands, until the ascendancy of Amsterdam c. 1500.

      Most of Overijssel is a varied glaciated delta with sandy soil and low hills that were originally covered with heath, patches of woodland, and moist swampy meadows. High-peat regions once extended to the northeast. The largely coastal area north of Zwolle consists of low peat, partly covered with clay. This northwestern part is primarily pasture, supporting cattle and dairying; in the sand regions there is dairying as well as mixed farming. The central Salland district has orchards.

      The province has become highly industrialized. The Twente district in the southeast, where cotton spinning, weaving, and bleaching came into prominence in the 19th century, is one of the principal centres of the Dutch textile industry. The main centres are Enschede, Almelo, Hengelo, and Oldenzaal. Other important industrial centres are Deventer, Kampen, and Zwolle. There are two national parks (1934; 1957) in the northwest, preserving peat bogs and marsh plants and providing sanctuaries for waterfowl. Pop. (1986 est.) 998,751.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Overijssel —   Province   Flag …   Wikipedia

  • Overijssel — Provinz der Niederlande Wappen Flagge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Overijssel — (nl) Provincie Overijssel Détail …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • OVERIJSSEL — Une des provinces des Pays Bas, située «au delà de l’IJssel», entre cette rivière et la frontière allemande; la superficie de l’Overijssel est de 3 400 kilomètres carrés. Comme les autres provinces du nord du royaume, elle souffre de la pauvreté… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Overijssel —   [oːvər ɛi̯səl], Provinz in den Niederlanden, grenzt an Deutschland, 3 337 km2 (Landfläche), 1,05 Mio. Einwohner; Hauptstadt ist Zwolle, größte Stadt ist Enschede. Overijssel umfasst das Mündungsgebiet der IJssel, das Salland und die Twente. Das …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Overijssel — Overijssel, niederländ. Provinz, s. Oberyssel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Overijssel — [ō΄və rī′səl] province of the E Netherlands, bordering on Germany; 1,320 sq mi (3,419 sq km); pop. 1,050,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Overijssel —    This province, now with a population of about 1,110,000, was already inhabited in prehistoric times. During the Middle Ages, a unified territory called Oversticht was created by the donation of former jurisdictions to the bishop of Utrecht… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

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