Oswiecim

Oswiecim
/awsh vyen"cheem/, n.
Polish name of Auschwitz.

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Poland

      city, Małopolskie województwo (province), southern Poland. It lies at the confluence of the Vistula and Soła rivers. A rail junction and industrial centre, the town became known as the site of an infamous Nazi extermination camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau (Oświęcim-Brzezinka), established in 1940 (see Auschwitz). The Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, founded there in 1946, serves as a memorial to those victims of World War II. A chemical factory built by the prisoners was rebuilt after the war and is now a major industrial plant.

 Oświęcim began in the 12th century and received municipal rights in the 13th century. It served as the capital of a sovereign duchy that in 1307 swore allegiance to Bohemia. Annexed to Poland in 1457 and passed to Austria in 1772, it was returned to Poland in 1918. After World War II a new industrial town was built. Pop. (2002) 41,946.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oświęcim — Oświęcim …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oswiecim — Oświęcim …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oswiecim — Oświęcim Pour les articles homonymes, voir Auschwitz (homonymie). Oświęcim …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oświecim — Oświęcim Pour les articles homonymes, voir Auschwitz (homonymie). Oświęcim …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oświęcim — (se pronuncia: [ɔɕvʲ ɛnʦim pronunciación ▶?/i]) (en yídish: Ushpitizin) es una población del sur de Polonia de unos 43.000 habitantes (2001), situada unos 60 km al suroeste de Cracovia en el voivodato de Pequeña Polonia desde 1999, anteriormente… …   Wikipedia Español

  • OSWIECIM — (Ger. Auschwitz), town in S. Poland and site of the notorious death camp. In the Middle Ages it was the capital of the duchy of that name, which in 1457 was purchased by Poland. Fairs, which attracted widespread interest, were held there in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Oświęcim — (spr. oschwjäzim), Stadt, s. Auschwitz …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Oswieçim — Oświeçim (spr. oschwĭénzim), poln. Name von Auschwitz …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Oswiecim — (se pronuncia: ) (en yídish: Ushpitizin) es una población del sur de Polonia de unos 43.000 habitantes (2001), situada unos 60 km al suroeste de Cracovia en el voivodato de Polonia Menor desde 1999, anteriormente en el voivodato de Bielsko Biala… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oświęcim —   [ɔɕ fjɛntɕim], Stadt in Polen, Auschwitz …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Oświęcim — [ō̂sh vyan′tsim] Pol. name for AUSCHWITZ …   English World dictionary

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